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1700

April

Danish invasion of Schleswig marks start of Great Northern War (to 1721)
 

18 August

Treaty of Travendal, between Sweden and Denmark, marking Swedish victory over Denmark in the Great Northern War
 

30 November

The Battle of Narva, 30 November 1700, was a major Swedish victory over a Russian army outside Narva early in the Great Northern War

1701

March

French occupation of the Spanish Netherlands triggers the War of the Spanish Succession (to 1714)
 

6-7 July

The Raid on Archangel, was an unsuccesful Swedish attempt to attack the Russian port of Archangel by sea (Great Northern War).

1702

9 January

The battle of Erastfer was an early Russian victory over a Swedish army during the Great Northern War
 

31 May

The Battle of Lake Peipus, 31 May 1702, was the first of three Russian attempts to sieze control of the lake
 

26 June

The battle of Lake Ladoga was the first of two small boat actions that forced the Swedes to withdraw from Lake Ladoga
 

19 July

The Battle of Kliszów, was an important Swedish victory early in the Great Northern War
 

7 September

The battle of Lake Ladoga was the second of two small boat actions that forced the Swedes to withdraw from Lake Ladoga

1703

7 August

The Battle of Lake Peipus was the second of two Russian attempts to gain control of the lake

1704

17 May

The Battle of Lake Peipus was the third Russian attempt to sieze control of the lake. It was successful, exposing Dorpat to Russian attack.
 

2 July

Battle of the Schellenberg, allied defeat of French allowing them to cross the Danube (War of the Spanish Succession)
 

7 November (NS)

The battle of Punitz, was a minor victory for Charles XII during the Great Northern War over a Saxon army in Poland.

1706

13 February

The Battle of Fraustadt, was a major Swedish victory during the Great Northern War that brought Charles XII as close as he was ever to get to victory.
 

23 May

Battle of Ramillies, major allied victory over the French (War of the Spanish Succession)
 

24 September

Treaty of Altranstadt, marking Swedish victory of Augustus II of Poland, the elector Saxony in the Great Northern War

1708

4 July

The battle of Holowczyn was a Swedish victory during Charles XII’s attempted invasion of Russia in 1708. It cleared his route to the Dnieper River
 

11 July

Battle of Oudenaarde (Belgium), allied victory over the French during the War of the Spanish Succession
 

31 August

The battle of Malatitze was a minor battle during the Swedish invasion of Russian of 1708 which saw Peter the Great attempt to pull the Swedish army out of position
 

10 September

The battle of Rajowka was a minor engagement during the Swedish invasion of Russia of 1708
 

9 October

The battle of Lesnaja saw the defeat of a Swedish supply column that had been attempting to catch up with Charles XII’s main army during his 1708 invasion of Russia

1709

28 June

Battle of Poltava, crushing Russian victory over Swedes (Great Northern War)

1710

4 October

The Battle of Køge Bay, was an inconclusive naval battle during the Great Northern War. Two days after the battle itself the Swedish fleet captured a convoy of transport ships sailing into the bay

1711

21 July

Treaty of Pruth, ending fighting between Russia and Turkey in the Great Northern War.

1712

  Birth of Louis-Joseph Montcalm, French general in French and Indian War (to 1759)
 

11 May

The Battle of Fladstrand, saw a Swedish squadron fail to defeat a smaller Danish force that was observing Gothernberg

1713

11 April

Treaty of Utrecht marks end of the War of the Spanish Succession (from 1701)

1714

26-27 June

The action off Lindesnaes was a frigate duel between the Swedish Olbing Galley (carrying 28 guns) and the Danish Løvendals Gallej (20) during the Great Northern War
 

28 July

The action off Reval was a missed opportunity for a Russian naval victory during the Great Northern War.
 

6 August

The battle of Gangut (also known as Hangö or Bengstörfjärd) was a significant Russian naval victory during the Great Northern War, won by the Russian galley fleet.

1715

24 April

The Battle of Femern was a Danish naval victory over a Swedish squadron raiding in the western Baltic. Almost the entire Swedish fleet was captured by the Danes.
 

6 September

John Erskine, earl of Mar (1675-1732) raised Jacobite banner, marking start of first Jacobite Revolt.
 

13 November

Battle of Sheriff Muir (Scotland), battle that effectively ended the First Jacobite Revolt (the '15)

1717

  Birth of Maria Theresa, future empress of Austria (to 1780)
 

10 April

Action off Fladstrand, a minor naval encounter of the Great Northern War

1719

4 June

The battle of Gottska Sandö, 4 June 1719, was the first naval victory won by Peter the Great’s new deep sea navy. It came in the final stage of the Great Northern War, after the death of Charles XII of Sweden

1721

April

Appointment of Sir Robert Walpole as First Lord of the Treasury, effectively making him the first Prime Minister
 

30 August

Treaty of Nystad marks end of Great Northern War, Great (from 1700)

1722

  Death of John Churchill, first duke of Marlborough, great English general.

1725

  Birth of Robert Clive (to 1774), 'Clive of India'
Death of William Cadogan, first earl Cadogan (b.1675), English General.

1727

 
Accession of George II, king of Great Britain and Ireland (to 1760)

1733

  Outbreak of War of Polish Succession (to 1738)

1735

  Treaty of Vienna (ratified 1738), ends war of Polish Succession

1738

 
Ratification of Treaty of Vienna, ending War of Polish Succession (from 1733)

1739

  Start of War of Jenkin's Ear (to c.1743) (America), colonial war between Britain and Spain

1740

  Succession of Maria Theresa as empress of Austria (to 1780)
    Death of Frederick William I, second king of Prussia (d.1740), succeeded by Frederick II (the Great), (to 1786)
    Outbreak of War of the Austrian Succession

1741

10 April

Battle of Mollwitz, Prussian victory over Austrians (War of the Austrian Succession)

1742

24 January

Election of Charles Albert, Prince of Bavaria as Emperor Charles VII (to 1745)
 

February

Resignation of Sir Robert Walpole as First Lord of the Treasury (effectively Prime Minister)
 

17 May

Battle of Chotusitz, Prussian victory over Austrian army

1744

 

Start of King George's War (to 1748), colonial war between France and Britain.

The First Carnatic War (1744-48) was triggered by the War of the Austrian Succession, and saw the French win a series of victories over their English rivals in the south of India, although the pre-war situation was restored by the Treaty of Aix-le-Chapelle.

 

11 February

Battle of Toulon, (France), drawn naval battle between France and Spain on one side, and Britain on the other

1745

20 January

Death of Charles Albert, Prince of Bavaria, Emperor Charles VII
 

11 May

Battle of Fontenoy (Belgium), French victory over allied army led by duke of Cumberland
 

4 June

Battle of Hohenfridberg, Prussian victory over Austrian army attacking into Silesia.
 

23 July

Charles Edward Stuart lands in Scotland, starting Second Jacobite Revolt
 

13 September

Francis I, husband of Maria Theresa of Austria, becomes Holy Roman Emperor (to 1765)
 

30 September

Battle of Sohr, Prussian victory over Austrian army blocking their retreat.
 

4 December

Jacobite army reaches Derby, southernmost point of their advance into England
 

25 December

Treaty of Dresden, ending fighting between Prussia and Austria in War of the Austrian Succession

1746

16 April

Battle of Culloden (Scotland) marks final defeat of Second Jacobite Revolt (The 45)
 

6 July

The battle of Negapatam (6 July 1746) was an inconclusive battle fought between British and French naval squadrons operating off the south coast of India.
 

14-21 September

The siege of Madras (14-21 September 1746) was a major French success early in the First Carnatic War that saw them capture the main British stronghold in southern India.
 

2 November

The battle of Madras (2 November 1746) was the first of two victories in three days that saw tiny French armies defeat the much larger army of the Nawab of the Carnatic (First Carnatic War).
 

4 November

The battle of St. Thome (4 November 1746) was the second of two victories in three days in which small French armies defeated the larger army of the Nawab of the Carnatic (First Carnatic War).
 

19 December

The Battle of Fort St. David (19 December 1746) was a victory won by the cavalry of the Nawab of the Carnatic over a French army that was moving to besiege one of the last British strongholds in the south of India, at Fort. St David (First Carnatic War)

1747

2 July

Battle of Laeffelt, French victory over British and Germany army leaving Austrian Netherland undefended

 

27-28 June

The battle of Cuddalore (27-28 June 1747) was a British victory that prevented the French from capturing the fortified station of Cuddalore, a move that would have threatened the main British position in southern India at Fort St. David.

1748

August-October

The siege of Pondicherry (August-October 1748) was the last major action of the First Carnatic War, and saw a sizable British army and fleet fail to capture the main French stronghold in southern India.
 

18 October

Treaty of Aix-le-Chapelle, ends War of Austrian Succession , King George's War (from 1744) and First Carnatic War (1744-48)

1749

April

The siege of Devicotah (April 1749) was a British success that came between the First and Second Carnatic Wars and saw them gain possession of the fort of Devicotah in southern India.
    The Second Carnatic War (1749-54) was a struggle for power between various Indian claimants to power in southern India, each supported by the French or the British.
 

3 August

The battle of Ambur (3 August 1749) was the first battle of the Second Carnatic War, and saw Anwar-ud-Din, the incumbent Nawab of the Carnatic, defeated and killed by an allied army formed by the new Nizam of Hyderabad, the French, and a claimant to the Nawabship of the Carnatic.

1750

30 July

The first battle of Tiruvadi (30 July 1750) was one of a series of rapid victories that saw the French supported candidates for power in southern India gain the upper hand.
 

1 September

The second battle of Tiruvadi (1 September 1750) saw a French led army defeat a much larger force commanded by Mohammad Ali, the British-supported candidate for the Nawabship of the Carnatic.
 

11 September

The battle of Gingee (11 September 1750) was one of the most impressive French military achievements during the Second Carnatic War, and saw them capture the fortress of Gingee, widely believed to be invulnerable, in a single night.
 

30 November

Death of Herman Maurice, Comte de Saxe (from 1750), French commander in War of the Austrian Succession

1751

19-20 July

The Battle of Volkondah (19-20 July 1751) was a French victory that forced most of the British soldiers in southern India to take shelter in Trichinopoly, where they would be besieged for much of the next two years.
 

July

The siege of Trichinopoly (July 1751-10 April 1752) saw Chanda Sahib, the French supported Nawab of the Carnatic, attempt and fail to capture the city, which contained his main rival for the post, Muhammed Ali, as well as most of the British troops in southern India.
 

September-October

The siege of Arcot (September-October 1751) was the first major success in the career of Clive of India, and saw him capture and then defend the capital of the Carnatic in an attempt to lift the pressure on a British force being besieged in Trichinopoly.
 

3 December

The battle of Arni (3 December 1751) was a second victory won by Robert Clive late in 1751, and helped secure his conquest of Arcot.
 

16-18 December

The siege of Conjeveram (16-18 December 1751) was the third victory won by Robert Clive in a short period, following his successful capture and defence of Arcot (September-November 1751) and the battle of Arni (3 December 1751), and saw him capture a strongly fortified temple at Conjeveram and rescue it's recently captured British garrison.

1752

28 February

The battle of Kaveripak (28 February 1752) was a major victory won by Robert Clive, despite his being outnumbered and ambushed by his French and Indian opponents (Second Carnatic War).
 

10 April 1752

End of first siege of Trichinopoly (from July 1751)
 

12 April-13 June 1752

The siege of Srirangam (12 April-13 June 1752) saw the British turn the tables on a French army that had been besieging Trichinopoly, eventually forcing them to surrender.
 

6 August 1752

The battle of Gingee (6 August 1752) was the first setback suffered by the British after their successes at Trichinopoly and Srirangam had appeared to give them the advantage over their French rivals in southern India (Second Carnatic War).
 

6 September 1752

The battle of Bahur (6 September 1752) was a British victory over a French army that had been threatening Fort St. David, but one that had little long term impact.
 

16-19 September 1752

The short siege of Covelung (16-19 September 1752) was part of what Robert Clive called his ‘Glorious Campaign’ and saw him capture a French-held fort with a small army made up of raw recruits
 

9-13 October 1752

The siege of Chingleput (9-13 October 1752) was the second of two victories won by Robert Clive during what he described as his ‘Glorious Campaign’, and saw him take the strong fort at Chingleput after a bombardment of four days

1753

3 January

The siege of Trichinopoly (3 January 1753-August 1754) was the dominating action during the last two years of the Second Carnatic War, and saw the British win a series of battles that prevented the French from capturing the city, and eventually caused the fall from power of Governor Dupleix of Pondicherry, the driving force behind the French war effort.
 

14 January-5 May

The siege of Tiruvadi (14 January-5 May 1753) saw a French force pin down most of the British troops in southern India, preventing them from intervening in the early stages of the second siege of Trichinopoly (Second Carnatic War).
 

7 July

The first battle of Trinchinopoly or Battle of the Golden Rock (7 July 1753) was the first of three significant British victories fought outside the city during the long siege of Trichinopoly of 1753-54 (Second Carnatic War).
 

18 August

The second battle of Trichinopoly (18 August 1753) saw the French fail to prevent a British supply convoy and reinforcements from reaching the besieged city of Trichinopoly (Second Carnatic War).
 

2 October

The third battle of Trichinopoly or battle of Sugar Loaf Rock, 2 October 1753 was a major British success during the siege of Trichinopoly of 1753-54 that still failed to raise the siege.

1754

  Outbreak of French and Indian War (North America) (to 1763)
 

August

End of the siege of Trichinopoly (from January 1753)
 

October

British and French agree to end hostilities in the Second Carnatic War

1755

9 July

Battle of the Monongahela (America), defeat of a British army attempting to capture Fort Duquesne (modern Pittsburgh)

1756

  Outbreak of Seven Years War (to 1763(
Louise-Joseph de Montcalm appointed commander of French army in Canada

1757

6 May

Battle of Prague (Bohemia, modern Czech Republic), Prussian victory over Austrian army
 

18 June

Battle of Kolin (Now Czech Republic), Austrian victory over Prussian army
 

23 June

Battle of Plassey (India), victory for British East India Company over the French supported Nabob of Bengal
 

26 July

Battle of Hastenbach (Germany), French victory over German army commanded by the Duke of Cumberland
 

8 September

Convention of Kloster-Zeven, surrendering Hanover to the French, never ratified
 

5 November

Battle of Rossbach, (Germany), Prussian victory over Franco-Austrian army
 

5 December

Battle of Leuthen, (Prussia, now Poland), Prussia victory over large Austrian army

1758

2 June

Start of siege of Louisbourg (to 27 July), important French base in Canada
 

23 June

Battle of Crefeld (Germany), German victory over French army.
 

6-8 July

Defence of Fort Ticonderoga, French victory against larger British attacking force.
 

27 June

Fall of Louisbourg (from 2 June 1758), important French base in Canada
 

25 August

Battle of Zorndorf (Prussia, now Poland), Prussian victory over much larger Russian army
 

26 August

Capture of Fort Frontenac, important French post on Canadian border.
 

14 October

Battle of Hochkirch, Austrian victory over Prussian army

1759

23 July

Battle of Paltzig, Russian victory over Prussia
 

12 August

Battle of Kunersdorf (Poland), Russian defeat of Prussian army, leading to capture of Dresden
 

18 August

Battle of Lagos Bay (Portugal), British victory over French fleet attempting to reach Brest.
 

13 September

Death of major-general James Wolfe, James (1727-1759) during Battle of the Plains of Abraham (Canada), British victory that led to the fall of Quebec.
 

14 September

Death of Louis-Joseph de Montcalm of wounds taken during battle of the Plains of Abraham (13 September)
 

20 November

Battle of Maxen, Austrian victory over Prussian army
Battle of Quiberon Bay, (France), British naval victory that ended French naval threat during Seven Years War

1760

  Death of George II, king of Great Britain and Ireland (from 1727)
 

22 January

Battle of Wandiwash (India), British victory over the French that ended French control of southern India.
 

31 July

Battle of Warburg, victory of Anglo-Prussian army over French forces invading Germany
 

8 September

Fall of Montreal to British ends fighting inFrench and Indian War (from 1754)
 

3 November

Battle of Torgau, (Germany)Prussian victory over larger Austrian army.
 

6 December

Start of siege of Pondicherry (India), major French stronghold in southern India

1761

15 January

Pondicherry surrenders to British (India), fall of last French stronghold in southern India.
 

15-16 July

Battle of Vellinghausen, Allied victory over French army invading Western Germany

1762

January

Succession of Peter III, tsar of Russia
 

5 May

Treaty of St. Petersburg, ending fighting between Russia and Prussia in Seven Years War
 

9 June

Peter III, Tsar of Russia (1762), deposed by his wife, Catherine the Great
 

24 June

Battle of Wilhelmsthal, victory of Anglo-Prussian army over French forces invading Germany
 

21 July

Battle of Burkersdorf, Prussian victory over Austrians, with temporary aid of Russian troops sent by Peter III

1763

10 February

Treaty of Paris ends Seven Years Warbetween British and French andFrench and Indian War (1754-1763)
 

15 February

Treaty of Hubertusberg ends Seven Years War between Austrian, Prussian and Saxony

1765

  Death of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (from 1745)
Death of William Augustus, duke of Cumberland, William Augustus, (1721-1765), son of George II

1766

  Death of Leopold, Graf von Daun, Austrian general during Seven Years War

1774

  Death of Robert Clive (born 1725), 'Clive of India', the victor of Plassey

1775

19 April

First fighting in American War of Independence (to 1782), at Concord and Lexington.
 

11 May 1775

Capture of Ticonderoga: The first American offensive success of the War of Independence.
 

17 June

Battle of Bunker Hill, expensive British victory during American war of Independence.

1776

26-29 August

Battle of Long Island, British victory that led to the capture of New York

 

15-16 November

Siege of Fort Washington, British victory that cleared the rebels off Manhatten Island.

 

26 December

Battle of Trenton, significant American victory during War of Independence.

1777

3 January

Battle of Princeton, second American victory in just over a week during War of Independence.
 

16 August

Battle of Bennington, British defeat during American war of Independence
 

11 September

Battle of Brandywine, British victory during American war of Independence
 

16 September

Battle of the Clouds, battle aborted by heavy rain (American war of Independence)
 

19 September

Battle of Freeman's Far (First battle of Saratoga), theoretical British victory during American War of Independence that left the British in a much weaker position
 

20-21 September

Paoli Massacre, British victory during American War of Independence that helped clear the road to Philadeplia.
 

4 October

Battle of Germantown, British victory during American war of Independence
 

7 October

Battle of Bemis Heights( second Saratoga), British defeat during American War of Independence
 

17 October

British army surrenders at Saratoga

1778

28 June

Battle of Monmouth, inconclusive battle during American War of Independence
 

5 July

Outbreak of War of the Bavarian Succession (Austria vs Prussia)

1779

13 May

End of the War of the Bavarian Succession (Austria vs Prussia)

1780

  Death of Maria Theresa, empress of Austria (b.1717)
 

1 April

Battle of Camden, British victory during American war of Independence
 

12 May

Start of British siege of Charleston (to 16 August)
 

16 August

British siege of Charleston ends with surrender of the town (from 12 May)
 

7 October

Battle of King's Mountain, American victory during American war of Independence

1781

17 January

Battle of Cowpens, American victory during American war of Independence
 

15 March

Battle of Guilford Courthouse, costly British victory during American war of Independence
 

25 April

Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, British victory during American war of Independence
 

22 May

Americans lay siege to Fort Ninety-Six
 

19 June

British relieve siege of Fort Ninety-Six
 

8 September

Battle of Eutaw Springs, futile British victory during American war of Independence
 

28 September

American and French forces move into place to begin Siege of Yorktown
 

19 October

British surrender at end of Siege of Yorktown

1782

30 November

Anglo-American treaty ends American War of Independence (from 1775)

1786

  Death of Frederick II (the Great), king of Prussia (from 1740

1790

15 August

Treaty of Wereloe, ending a war between Russia and Sweden.

1792

 

Outbreak of the First War of the Coalition (to 1797)

 

29 April

The minor battle of Baisieux was the first battle of the War of the First Coalition, and marked the start of twenty three years of warfare. It came only nine days after the French had declared war on Austria on 20 April, and ended in a humiliating defeat for the armies of revolutionary France.

 

20-23 August

The siege of Longwy was the first military success during the Austrian and Prussian invasion of France at the start of the War of the First Coalition.

 

29 August-2 September

The siege of Verdun was the second and last military success during the Austrian and Prussian invasion of France at the start of the War of the First Coalition.

 

20 September

The battle of Valmy was the first major battle of the War of the First Coalition, and saved the infant French Republic from early destruction.

 

29 September-7 October

The siege of Lille was the main Austrian contribution to the Allied invasion of France at the start of the War of the First Coalition, but ended in failure after news of the French victory at Valmy (20 September) forced the Austrians to retreat.

 

19-21 October

The siege of Mainz was the first of three sieges of the city in as many years, and saw the French win an easy victory during their first Rhineland campaign in 1792.

 

6 November

The battle of Jemappes was the first major offensive battlefield victory for the armies of the infant French Republic, and saw the French Armée du Nord, containing a large number of new volunteer soldiers, defeat a regular Austrian army and capture Brussels.

1793

23 February-3 March

The siege of Maastricht was the first step in the southern half of General Dumoiriez's planned invasion of the Netherlands, but ended in failure after the Austrians launched a counterattack across the Roer on 1 March.

 

1 March

The battle of Aldenhoven was the first success during the Austrian counterattack in Belgium in the spring of 1793 which saw them temporarily drive the French out of their conquests of 1792.

 

2 March

The battle of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) was the second of two defeats that destroyed the French position in southern Belgium, and forced them to abandon their first siege of Maastricht.

 

18 March

The battle of Neerwinden, was a major Austrian victory over the armies of Revolutionary France that helped to temporarily expel the French from the Austrian Netherlands, and caused the downfall of General Charles Dumouriez, the victor of Jemappes.

 

April-10 July

The siege of Condé was part of an overly cautious Allied campaign on the borders of France in the spring and summer of 1793 that gave the French a chance to recover from the disasters that had befallen their armies earlier in the spring

 

14 April-23 July

The siege of Mainz saw a Prussian army recapture this key city on the west bank of the Rhine, which had fallen into French hands after a three day long siege in 1792.

 

8 May

The battle of Condé or St. Amand was an unsuccessful French attempt to lift the Allied siege of Condé-sur-l'Escaut, and ended with the death of the French commander, General Auguste Picot, comte de Dampierre.

 

19 May

The combat of Mas-d'Ru (19 May 1793) was an early Spanish victory during the War of the Convention that saw them defeat a French force that was attempting to defend a position seven miles to the south-west of Perpignan.

 

23 May

The battle of Famars or Valenciennes was an Allied victory on the borders of France which prepared the way for the siege of Valenciennes.

 

24 May-28 July

The siege of Valenciennes was one of the last Allied successes in the campaign on the borders of France during the summer of 1793, but the slow pace of the siege gave the French time to recover from the disasters of the spring, and the year ended with a series of French victories.

 

May-25 June

The siege of Bellegarde (May-25 June 1793) was an early Spanish success during the War of the Convention which saw them capture the important French border fortress of Bellegarde, on the main road across the eastern Pyrenees from Catalonia to Perpignan.

 

17 July

The battle of Perpignan (17 July 1793) was the first significant Spanish failure during their campaign at the eastern end of the Pyrenees during the War of the Convention.
 

19 August-11 September

The siege of Quesnoy was the last of a series of successful Allied sieges on the northern border of France in the summer of 1793 that saw the French lose control of a number of key border fortifications, but at the same time gave them the time to raise new mass armies, and which did little to advance the Allied cause

 

23 August-8 September

The siege of Dunkirk was a British failure that demonstrated the poor condition of the British army at the start of the War of the First Coalition, and marked the beginning of a period of French success in Belgium and northern France

 

5 September

The combat of Mont Louis (5 September 1793) was a minor French victory during the War of the Convention that prevented a small French army under General Dagobert from being trapped in the mountains and distracted Spanish attention from the more important fighting around Perpignan.
 

8 September

The battle of Hondschoote was a victory for the new mass armies of the French Republic, and forced an Allied army under the Duke of York to abandon the siege of Dunkirk.

 

12 September

The battle of Avesnes-le-Sec saw a sizable French infantry column virtually destroyed by an Austrian cavalry attack, and demonstrated that the new conscripted French infantry could still be vulnerable.

 

13 September

The battle of Menin was a second victory in five days for the French army of General Houchard, and saw the French defeat the Dutch army under William V, prince of Orange, briefly knocking them out of the war.

 

14 September

The battle of Pirmasens (14 September 1793) was a costly defeat for the French on the west bank of the Rhine in the aftermath of the fall of Mainz.
 

15 September

The battle of Menin was an Austrian victory over the French army of General Houchard that helped to restore the Allied position in Belgium after the French victories at Hondschoote (6-8 September 1793) and two days earlier over the same ground at Menin (13 September 1793).

 

17 September

The combat of Peyrestortes (17 September 1793) was a French victory that ended a short-lived blockade of Perpignan in the early phases of the War of the Convention.
 

Mid September-17 October

The siege of Maubeuge ended a series of Allied successes against the French border fortifications, and was raised by the great French victory at Wattignies on 15-16 October which demonstrated that the new revolutionary armies were becoming increasingly capable.

 

22 September

The battle of Truillas (22 September 1793) was a major Spanish victory in the eastern Pyrenees that saw them defeat a French attempt to drive them away from Perpignan and back towards the mountains.
 

12-13 October

The storm of the lines of Wissembourg (12-13 October 1793) was an Allied victory on the Rhine front late in 1793 that briefly threatened the entire French position in Alsace.
 

15-16 October

The battle of Wattignies was a French victory that forced the Allies to lift the siege of Maubeuge, and removed the threat of an immediate Allied invasion of France.

 

22-29 October

The siege of Nieuport was an unsuccessful French attempt to capture the channel ports being used by the British Army in Belgium in 1793, and came in the aftermath of the French victory at Wattignies on 15-16 October

 

27 October

The combat of Espolla, 27 October 1793, was a Spanish victory that ended a poorly conceived French attempt to capture the port of Roses early in the War of the Convention.

 

26 November

The combat of the bridge of Ceret (26 November 1793) was a Spanish victory on the Eastern Pyrenees front during the War of the Convention that prevented the French from taking advantage of a winter storm that had swept away all but one bridge across the River Tech.
 

28-30 November

The battle of Kaiserslautern (28-30 November 1793) was a poorly handled French attack on the Prussian army of the Duke of Brunswick that was an inauspicious start to the career of Lazare Hoche as commander of the French Army of the Moselle.
 

18-22 December

The battle of Froeschwiller (18-22 December 1793) was the first victory won by General Lazare Hoche in his role as Commander of the Army of the Moselle in the autumn of 1793.
 

21 December

The combat of Collioure (21 December 1793) was a Spanish victory that saw them capture a series of small ports on the French coast and convinced the French army of the Eastern Pyrenees to retreat into winter quarters around Perpignan.
 

26 December

The battle of The Geisberg or Wissembourg (26 December 1793) was a French victory that forced the Austrians and Prussians to abandon their last foothold in Alsace.

1794

17-30 April

The siege of Landrecies was the first Allied operation of 1794 in northern France (War of the First Coalition). Although the siege was successful, it did nothing to advance the Allied cause, which was soon threatened by a powerful French offensive further west in maritime Flanders

 

24 April

The battle of Villers-en-Cauchies saw a small force of Austrian and British cavalry break up a much larger French force that was moving into a position from where it could threaten the Allied army besieging Landrecies (War of the First Coalition).

 

26 April

The battle of Landrecies or Beaumont-en-Cambresis saw the defeat of a major French attempt to lift the siege of Landrecies, the first Allied offensive action on the Flanders front in 1794 (War of the First Coalition).

 

27-30 April

The siege of Menin was an early French victory during their campaign in maritime Flanders in the spring of 1794.

 

29 April

The battle of Mouscron was the first significant French victory during their attack into western Belgium at the start of 1794, the campaign that would eventually expel the Allies from the former Austrian Netherlands.

 

30 April-1 May

The battle of Le Boulou (30 April-1 May 1794) was a French victory in the eastern Pyrenees that forced the Spanish to retreat back across the border a year after they had first crossed into France.
 

6 May

Start of the sieges of Bellegarde (to 17 September 1794) and Collioure, Saint-Elme and Port-Ventres (to 29 May 1794)
 

10 May

The battle of Willems was an unsuccessful French attempt to continue their offensive in western Flanders, which had begun successfully with the capture of Menin and a victory over the Austrians at Mouscron (29 April).

 

11 May

The battle of Courtrai was a minor French victory over the Austrian army in western Flanders that forced the main Allied army to move west in an attempt to restore the situation, and thus led directly to the French victory at Tourcoing (17-18 May).

 

17-18 May

The battle of Tourcoing saw the failure of an over elaborate Allied plan designed by General Mack to annihilate the French Armée-du-Nord.

 

22 May

The battle of Tournai was an unsuccessful French attempt to take advantage of their victory at Tourcoing on 17-18 May.

 

23 May

The battle of Kaiserslautern (23 May 1794) was the only Prussian contribution to the Allied campaign of 1794, and was a minor victory that saw them push their front line from the Rhine at Mannheim to Kaiserslautern and the northern end of the Vosges.
 

29 May

End of the siege of Collioure, Saint-Elme and Port-Ventres
 

30 May

The three sieges of Charleroi between 30 May and 25 June 1794 were at the heart of the French offensive on the Sambre in the summer of 1794, and the defeat of an Allied relief army at Fleurus on 26 June was the decisive moment of the entire two year long campaign in the Austrian Netherlands.

 

25 June

Fall of Charleroi

 

26 June

The battle of Fleurus was the decisive battle in the two year long campaign in the Austrian Netherlands between the forces of revolutionary France and the powers of the First Coalition.

 

4-18 July

The siege of Nieuport was one of the more controversial events during the Allied retreat from Belgium into the Netherlands after the French victory at Fleurus (26 June)

 

13-14 July

The combat of Platzberg and Trippstadt (13-14 July 1794) was a minor French victory in the northern end of the Vosges close to Kaiserslautern.
 

28 July

The siege of Sluys (or L'Ecluse) of 28 July-25 August 1794 was an early step in the French conquest of the Netherlands in the aftermath of the collapse of the Allied position in Belgium (War of the First Coalition).

 

13 August

The battle of San Lorenzo (13 August 1794) was an unsuccessful Spanish attempt to lift the French siege of the important border fortress of Bellegarde.

 

25 August

Fall of Sluys

 

14-15 September

The battle of Boxtel was a minor incident during the Allied retreat from Belgium after the battle of Fleurus that is chiefly remembered for being the first time Arthur Wellesley, the future Duke of Wellington, came under fire.

 

17 September

Bellegarde surrenders to the French
 

18 September

The battle of the Ourthe was the first of two battles that forced the Austrians to abandon their last foothold in the Austrian Netherlands and retreat behind the Rhine.

 

19 September

The siege of Maastricht of 19 September-4 November 1794 saw the French capture one of the last Austrian-held strongholds close to the Austrian Netherlands, completing the French conquest of the area.

 

2 October

The battle of the Roer was the second of two battles that forced the Austrians to abandon their last foothold in the Austrian Netherlands and retreat to the line of the Rhine.

 

4 November

Fall of Maastricht

 

17-20 November

The battle of Figueras (17-20 November 1794) was the decisive battle in the eastern Pyrenees during the War of the Convention and saw the French smash a Spanish army that was defending the Lines of Figueras, exposing Catalonia to invasion.

 

14 December

The siege of Mainz of 14 December 1794-29 October 1795 was an unsuccessful French attempt to recapture a city which they had briefly held between October 1792, when it had fallen after a three day siege, and 23 July 1793, when the starving defenders had surrendered to the Prussians.

1795

16 May

Treaty of Basel, ending the war between France and Prussia

 

25 September

The combat of Heidelberg (25 September 1795) was an Austrian victory that ended any chance that the French could take advantage of the unexpected surrender of Mannheim five days earlier.
 

10 October-22 November

The siege of Mannheim of 10 October-22 November 1795 was a result of the failure of the French offensive across the Rhine in the autumn of 1795.
 

11 October

The battle of Höchst (11 October 1795) was a manoeuvre battle that forced General Jourdan to abandon his invasion of Germany and retreat back across the Rhine.
 

29 October

End of the third siege of Mainz in three years

 

10 November

The combat of the Pfrim (10 November 1795) was an Austrian victory that forced General Pichegru to fall back to his last defensive postion north of Mannheim. .

The combat of Kreutznach (10 November 1795) was the second of two combats fought in a single day by General Marceau in an attempt to lift the pressure on the isolated Army of the Moselle and the Rhine in the aftermath of the Austrian breakout from Mainz.

The combat of Stromberg (10 November 1795) was a diversionary action fought in the aftermath of the failure of the French invasion of Germany in the autumn of 1795.

 

13-14 November

The combat of Frankenthal (13-14 November 1795) was an Austrian victory that forced General Pichegru to abandon his last defensive position north of Mannheim and that led to the fall of the city.
 

22 November

Austrians capture Mannheim

1796

11-12 April

The battle of Montenotte was the first of a series of remarkable victories in northern Italy that firmly established Napoleon Bonaparte as one of the most important figures in revolutionary France.

 

13-14 April

The battle of Millesimo was a minor French victory during Napoleon Bonaparte's first campaign in Italy in the spring of 1796, and saw a French force under General Augereau eventually overcome Piedmontese resistance at Millesimo and Cosseria.

 

14-15 April

The two day long battle of Dego was the decisive moment in the first stage of Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in Italy in 1796.

 

16 April

The battle of Ceva was a rare setback for Napoleon during the first stage of his campaign in Italy in 1796.
 

19-21 April

The battle of Mondovi was a French victory that saw Napoleon's Army of Italy break out of the Apennines onto the plains of Piedmont, and that convinced King Victor Amadeus to seek peace
 

28 April

The Armistice of Cherasco (28 April 1796) was Napoleon Bonaparte's first diplomatic success, and saw Piedmont leave the First Coalition.
 

7-9 May

The battle of Fombio was a small scale engagement fought as Napoleon's army crossed the River Po.
 

10 May

The battle of Lodi was a key moment in the career of Napoleon Bonaparte, and a victory that he would later state convinced him that he could achieve great things.
 

30 May

The battle of Borgetto was the final French victory in the second stage of Napoleon's campaign in Italy in 1796-97, and forced the Austrian army of Field Marshal Jean-Pierre Freiherr Beaulieu to retreat into the Tyrol, temporarily abandoning most of northern Italy to the French
 

1 June

The combat of Siegburg (1 June 1796) was the first move in the French offensive across the Rhine that was meant to be their main campaign of 1796.
 

4 June

The first battle of Altenkirchen (4 June 1796) an early success during the French invasion of Germany in the summer of 1796, and saw General Kléber force the Austrians to abandon their positions around Altenkirchen and retreat to the Lahn
 

4 June-30 July 1796 and 24 August 1796-2 February 1797

The siege of Mantua (4 June-30 July 1796 and 24 August 1796-2 February 1797) was the focal point of the third phase of Napoleon's campaign in Italy in 1796-97. During the eight month long siege the Austrians made four separate attempts to relief Mantua, each of which ended in failure
 

15-16 June

The battle of Wetzlar (15-16 June 1796) was the first victory won by the Archduke Charles during his successful campaign in Germany in 1796, and forced General Jourdan and the Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse to retreat back across the Rhine.
 

19 June

The combat of Uckerath (19 June 1796) was a hard-fought but unnecessary rear guard action fought by General Kléber during the French retreat after their defeat at Wetzler
 

23 June

The Peace of Bologna (23 June 1796) ended Napoleon's first invasion of the Papal States, carried out to satisfy the French Directory.
 

26 June

The combat of Renchen (26 June 1796) was a minor French victory that helped expand General Moreau's bridgehead across the Rhine in the early stages of his invasion of Germany.
 

4 July

The combat of Wilnsdorf (4 July 1796) was a minor French victory that came shortly after General Jourdan's second crossing of the Rhine in the summer of 1796.

 

5 July

The battle of Rastatt (5 July 1796) was a minor French victory during General Moreau's invasion of Germany in the summer of 1796.

 

7 July

The combat of Offheim (7 July 1796) was a French victory during General Moreau's advance from his bridgehead over the Rhine at Neuwied up to the line of the Lahn.
 

9 July

The battle of Ettlingen (9 July 1796) was an early French victory during General Moreau's campaign in southern Germany that convinced the Archduke Charles to make a fighting retreat towards the Danube

The combat of Ober-Mörlen (9 July 1796) was a minor French victory during General Jourdan's advance from the Lahn to the Main early in his second campaign in Germany in 1796.

 

10 July

The battle of Freidberg (10 July 1796) was a French victory won fifteen miles to the north of Frankfurt on Main that forced the Austrians to abandon their last positions north of the Nidda and the Main and retreat to Offenbach, on the south bank of the Main.
 

14 July

The combat of Haslach (14 July 1796) was a French victory that pushed the Austrians out of most of their remaining positions in the southern Black Forest in the early stages of General Moreau's invasion of southern Germany.
 

21 July

The combat of Canstadt (21 July 1796) was a minor French victory that forced the Archduke Charles to abandon his position on the Necker and continue his retreat towards the Danube.
 

31 July

The first battle of Lonato was an early setback during the first Austrian attempt to lift Napoleon's siege of Mantua.
 

3 August

The second battle of Lonato saw the final defeat of one of the three Austrian columns attempting to lift Napoleon's siege of Mantua.
 

4 August

The combat of Bamberg (4 August 1796) was a rearguard action fought during General Wartensleben's retreat along the Main during General Jourdan's second invasion of Germany in 1796.
 

5 August

The battle of Castiglione (5 August 1796) was a French victory that effectively ended the first Austrian attempt to lift the siege of Mantua, and was an early example of a battle in which Napoleon brought several different columns together on the same battlefield.
 

7 August

The combat of Forchheim (7 August 1796) was a victory won by General Kléber during his brief period in command of the Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse that forced the Austrian army of General Wartensleben to abandon its position around Forchheim on the River Rednitz and retreat south to Nuremburg.
 

11 August

The battle of Neresheim (11 August 1796) was a French victory that was the result of a rare error of judgement made by the Archduke Charles during his otherwise victorious campaign in Germany in 1796.
 

13 August

The combat of Kamlach or Mindelheim, 13 August 1796, was a minor victory for the extreme right wing of General Moreau's army during his advance into southern Germany in the summer of 1796.
 

17 August

The combat of Neukirchen (17 August 1796) was an unnecessarily costly clash between General Nay's advance guard and a strong Austrian force that was one of the last French successes during General Jourdan's invasion of Germany in the summer of 1796.

The combat of Augsberg (17 August 1796) was a costly skirmish fought between the advance guard of Championnet's division and a strong Austrian force posted at Augsberg, a small village five miles to the south of what was then the main road between Nuremburg and Amberg.

 

20 August

The combat of Wolfring (20 August 1796) was the last French success during General Jourdan's second invasion of Germany in 1796.
 

22 August

The combat of Deining (22 August 1796) was the first of two delaying actions fought by General Bernadotte which gave General Jourdan and the Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse a chance to escape from a dangerous position on the River Naab.
 

23 August

The combat of Neumarkt (23 August 1796) was the second of two delaying actions fought by General Bernadotte which gave General Jourdan and the Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse a chance to escape from a dangerous position on the River Naab.
 

24 August

The battle of Amberg (24 August 1796) was a chance for a major Austrian victory that saw the Archduke Charles miss a chance to destroy General Jourdan's Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse.

The battle of Friedberg (24 August 1796) was one of the last major successes during General Moreau's campaign in southern Germany in the summer of 1796, and forced the Austrians under General Latour to abandon the line of the River Lech.
 

29 August

The combat of Burgebrach (29 August 1796) was a minor engagement during General Jourdan's retreat from Amberg that ended as an Austrian victory, but that also helped Jourdan reach relative safety at Schweinfurt

 

1 September

The combat of Langenbruck (1 September 1796) was an unsuccessful Austrian counterattack that came close to the end of General Moreau's successful advance into southern Germany in the summer of 1796.
 

3 September

The battle of Würzburg (3 September 1796) was the biggest victory won by the Archduke Charles in his successful campaign against the French invasion of Germany in 1796, and prevented General Jourdan from making a stand at any significant distance to the east of the Rhine.

 

4 September

The battle of Rovereto (4 September 1796) was a series of scattered engagements between Napoleon's army advancing up the Adige valley on its way to join the Army of the Rhine on the Danube and an Austrian force under Field Marshal Davidovich that was defending the area around Trento.
 

5 September

The battle of Calliano (5 September 1796) was the second of a series of clashes between Napoleon's army advancing along the Adige valley towards Germany and an Austrian covering force under Field Marshal Davidovich that was defending the area around Trento.
 

6 September

The engagement at Lavis (6 September 1796) was a minor clash between one of Napoleon's divisions under General Henri Vaubois and an Austrian army under Field Marshal Davidovich that had been defending the Adige valley.
 

7 September

The battle of Primolano was a minor French victory in the valley of the Brenta valley that was the first stage in the defeat of Field Marshal Würmser's second attempt to raise the siege of Mantua.
 

8 September

The battle of Bassano was a French victory won at the point where the River Brenta emerged from its mountain valley onto the plains north-west of Venice, and which ended the second Austrian attempt to lift the siege of Mantua.
 

14 September

The combat of Zell (14 September 1796) saw the defeat of a poorly planned Austrian attack on General Moreau's army of the Rhine-and-Moselle just before the start of his retreat across southern Germany in the autumn of 1796.
 

14-15 September

The battle of San Giorgio (14-15 September 1796) was the disastrous end to the second Austrian attempt to raise the siege of Mantua.
 

16 September

The combat of Giessen (16 September 1796) was a diversionary Austrian attack on the left wing of the French position on the Lahn that helped the Archduke Charles fight his way across that river further to the west, at Limburg.

The combat of Limburg (16 September 1796) was an indecisive clash between the Archduke Charles of Austrian and the French right wing on the Lahn under General Marceau. Although Marceau prevented the Archduke from crossing the Lahn, on the night after the battle General Castelvert, on his right, abandoned his position and Marceau was forced to retreat.

 

19 September

The second battle of Altenkirchen (19 September 1796) was actually the final act in a three day long rearguard action in which General Marceau made sure that the Archduke Charles of Austria was unable to interfere with the retreat of General Jourdan and the Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse from the River Lahn to Altenkirchen.
 

30 September

The combat of Schussenreid (30 September 1796) was a small scale rearguard action fought during General Moreau's retreat from southern Germany after the failure of the French offensive across the Rhine in the summer of 1796.
 

2 October

The battle of Biberach (2 October 1796) was a French victory that resulted from a daring decision by General Moreau to launch a counterattack against an Austrian army that was following him on his retreat from Bavaria in the autumn of 1796.
 

19 October

The battle of Emmendingen (19 October 1796) was an Austrian victory that removed any chance that General Moreau's Army of the Rhine-and-Moselle might have been able to retain a foothold on the eastern bank of the Rhine at the end of his retreat from southern Germany.
 

24 October

The battle of Schliengen (24 October 1796) was a generally successful French rearguard action that allowed General Moreau to retreat safely across the Rhine at Huningue.
 

26 October

The siege of Huningue (26 October 1796-5 February 1797) saw the Austrians eliminate the last French foothold on the east bank of the Upper Rhine in the aftermath of the unsuccessful French invasions of Germany in 1796.
 

28 October

The siege of Kehl (28 October 1796-10 January 1797) saw a sizable French garrison defend a strongly fortified camp on the east bank of the Rhine opposite Strasbourg for three months before the camp was evacuated after prolonged Austrian attacks.
 

12 November

The battle of Caldiero (12 November 1796) was a rare French defeat during Napoleons' campaign in Italy in 1796-97, and saw an Austrian army under Field Marshal Joseph Alvinczy repel a French attempt to push them back from the approaches to Verona during the third Austrian attempt to lift the siege of Mantua.
 

15-17 November

The battle of Arcola (15-17 November 1796) was the decisive battle during Napoleon's defeat of the third Austrian attempt to raise the siege of Mantua, and saw Napoleon extricate himself from a very dangerous position.

1797

  End of the War of the First Coalition (from 1793)
 

10 January

The French surrender Kehl
 

14 January

The battle of Rivoli (14 January 1797) was the most comprehensive of Napoleon's victories in Italy during his campaign of 1796-97. At the end of the pursuit that followed the victory the French had captured more than half of an Austrian army of 28,000, despite being significantly outnumbered at the start of the campaign.
 

16 January

The battle of La Favorita (16 January 1797) was a French victory that ended the fourth and final Austrian attempt to lift the siege of Mantua.
 

2 February

End of siege of Mantua
 

19 February

The Peace of Tolentino (19 February 1797) ended the second of Napoleon's invasions of the Papal States during his first campaign in Italy.
 

26 February

The French surrender the bridgehead at Huningue
 

18 April

Peace of Leoban, preliminary peace treaty between France and Austria

The battle of Neuwied (18 April 1797) was the only significant fighting during General Hoche's brief time in charge of the Army of the Sambre-and-Meuse, and saw him fight his way out of the French-held bridgehead at Neuwied and force the Austrians to abandon their positions north of the River Lahn.

 

20-21 April

The battle of Diersheim (20-21 April 1797) was a major French victory won by General Moreau on the Upper Rhine that came two days after Napoleon had successfully negotiated the Preliminary Peace of Leoben, which ended hostilities between France and the Austrian Empire.
 

21 April

The affair of Gruningen of 21 April 1797 was a minor incident during the Austrian retreat after their defeat at Neuwied on 18 April that is remembered because during it General Ney was captured by the Austrians.
 

17 October

Treaty of Campo Fornio, ending war between France and Austria

1798

21 July

Battle of the Pyramids (Egypt), victory of French army under Napoleon over Mamluke army

1799

  Start of Napoleonic Wars (to 1815)
 

26 March

The battle of Verona was the first battle of the War of the Second Coalition in Italy, and saw the Austrians repel a French attack on Verona
 

5 April

The battle of Magnano was a French defeat early in the War of the Second Coalition that ended any chance of their expelling the Austrians from northern Italy before Russian reinforcements could reach the area.
 

27 April

The battle of Cassano was an Austro-Russian victory outside Milan that saw them force their way across the River Adda, making the fall of the city inevitable.
 

17-19 June

The battle of the Trebbia was a major Allied victory over the French Army of Rome that further weakened an already poor French position in Italy at the start of the War of the Second Coalition.
 

20 June

The battle of Alessandria or Cassina-Grossa (20 June 1799) was a rare French victory in Italy during the campaign of 1799, but one that came too late to prevent the Austro-Russian army of Marshal Suvarov from defeating a second French army at the battle of the Trebbia (17-19 June 1799)
 

 

The combat of San Giorgio (20 June 1799) was a rear-guard action during the French retreat after their defeat at the battle of the Trebbia (17-19 June 1799).
 

23 June

The combat of Sassuolo (23 June 1799) was a second French rearguard action (after the combat of San-Giorgio of 20 June) fought after the French defeat on the Trebbia on 17-19 June.
 

15 August

The battle of Novi (15 August 1799) was a major French defeat in Italy that saw an Austro-Russian army under Marshal Suvorov defeat the combined French armies in Italy

 

15 September

The combat of Pignerolo (15 September 1799) was one of a series of minor actions fought as the French Armies of the Alps and of Italy attempted to unite in the aftermath of the French defeat at Novi on 15 August.
    The combat of Rivoli (15 September 1799) was one of a series of minor actions fought as the French Armies of the Alps and of Italy attempted to unite in the aftermath of the French defeat at Novi on 15 August
 

17 September

The combats of Fossano and Savigliano (17 September 1799) were two Austrian victories that stopped an attempt by General Championnet to combine his newly united Armies of the Alps and of Italy
 

28 September

The combat of Mondovi (28 September 1799) was a French defeat during General Championnet's attempts to protect Cuneo, the last important French possession in Italy after the disastrous campaign of 1799

 

13 October

The combat of Bracco (13 October 1799) was a French attempt to push the Austrians further away from Genoa that achieved some short-term success.

 

14 October

The combat of Beinette (14 October 1799) was one of a minor actions fought around Cuneo as the French under Championnet attempted to stop the Austrians attacking the city, which was their last stronghold on the northern Italian plains.

 

24 October

The combat of Bosco (24 October 1799) was a rare French success during the fighting in Italy in 1799, and saw the French push the Austrians back towards Alessandria from their original positions around Novi

 

4 November

The battle of Genola (4 November 1799) was a final major French defeat in Italy in 1799 which forced them to pull back into the Alps and Apennines, and left the Austrians in command of the northern Italian plains

 

6 November

The combat of Novi (6 November 1799) was a minor French victory that saw them defeat an Austrian attempt to push them out of a position at Novi, on the northern edge of the Apennines.

 

18 November-4 December

The siege of Cuneo (18 November-4 December 1799) saw the Austrians capture the last French stronghold on the northern Italian plains at the end of a year that has seen the French position in Italy collapse

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