4000 BC 1000 BC 300 BC 1 1000 1500 1700 1800 1810 1850 1900 1925 1950

 

1800

20 April

The combat of Bormida (20 April 1800) saw the failure of an attempt by General Suchet to regain contact with the main body of the French Army of Italy around Genoa.

 

2 May

The combat of Borghetto (2 May 1800) was an Austrian victory that saw them force Suchet and the left wing of the Army of Italy to retreat further away from contact with the rest of the army at Genoa.
 

6 or 7 May

The combat of the Col de Tende (6 or 7 May 1800) was an Austrian victory that forced the French to abandon a defensive position in the pass that marks the border between the Maritime and Ligurian Alps and retreat back towards Nice.
 

7 May

The combat of Oneglia (7 May 1800) was one of a series of minor Austrian victories that forced the left wing of the French Army of Italy under General Suchet to abandon their last positions on the Italian Riviera and retreat behind the Var River
 

12-28 May

The combats on the Var of 13-28 May 1800 marked the high point of Austrian success during the fighting in Italy in 1800, and saw an Austrian force under Melas and Elsnitz attempt to destroy Suchet's left wing of the French Army of Italy.
 

18 May

The combat of Châtillon (18 May 1800) was a French victory early in the campaign that ended at Marengo
 

21 May-2 June

The siege of Fort Bard (21 May-2 June 1800) saw a small Austrian garrison hold up the passage of Napoleon's artillery during the French advance into Italy at the start of the campaign that ended at Marengo.

 

24 May

The combat of Ivrea (24 May 1800) was a French victory during Napoleon's advance into Italy early in the campaign that ended at Marengo.

 

26 May

The battle of Romano-Chiusella (26 May 1800) was a French victory that saw their advance guard under Lannes force the Austrians to retreat from the Chiusella River back towards Turin, and that helped convince the Austrian commanders that Napoleon was heading south towards Genoa

 

31 May

The combat of Turbigo (31 May 1800) was a French victory that cleared the way for Napoleon to enter Milan and split the Austrian armies in northern Italy in two

 

1-2 June

The combat of Breglio (1-2 June 1800) was a minor French victory (Suchet) that forced the Austrians (Elsnitz) to retreat from the Col de Tende, his best line of retreat from France into Italy.

 

2 June

End of siege of Fort Bard (21 May-2 June 1800)
 

3 June

The combat of Forcoin (3 June 1800) was a minor French victory during the fighting in the maritime Alps in 1800 that saw the Austrians forced out of a position in the mountains east of the Roya River.
 

9 June

The battle of Casteggio-Montebello (9 June 1800) was a hard fought French victory that came as the main French and Austrian armies in Piedmont were closing in on each other in the build-up to the battle of Marengo

 

13 June

The combat of Marengo (13 June 1800) was a minor French victory on the evening before the battle of Marengo that badly disrupted the Austrian plans for the following day by giving the French command of a crucial bridge in the village of Marengo.

 

14 June

The battle of Marengo (14 June 1800) was a major French victory that helped to secure Napoleon's power as First Consul as well as expelling the Austrians from most of Italy

1802

27 March

Peace of Amiens, treaty that led to a short lived peace between Britain and France.

1805

8 October

The combat of Wertingen (8 October 1805) was the first significant fighting of the Ulm campaign, and saw part of the French advance guard defeat an Austrian column ten miles to the south of the Danube.
 

9 October

The combat of Gunzburg (9 October 1805) saw a French corps under Marshal Ney capture the bridge over the Danube at Gunzburg, tightening the French noose around Mack's Austrian army at Ulm and also delaying a planned Austrian offensive north of the river.
 

11 October

The battle of Albeck (11 October 1805) saw a badly outnumbered French force hold its own against an Austrian column attempting to escape from Ulm (War of the Third Coalition).
 

14 October

The battle of Elchingen (14 October 1805) saw the French fight their way from the south to the north bank of the Danube, making up for a misjudgement on Napoleon's part and also thwarting an Austrian attempt to escape from Ulm.
 

16 October

The combat of Michelberg (16 October 1805) saw the French push the Austrians out of a key position outside Ulm, making the surrender at Ulm of 20 October almost inevitable.
 

20 October

Battle of Ulm, French victory over Austrians (Napoleonic Wars)
 

21 October

Battle of Trafalgar, decisive British naval victory over combined French and Spanish fleets
 

5 November

The battle of Amstetten (5 November 1805) was one of a number of rearguard actions fought as General Kutuzov attempted to elude Napoleon in the aftermath of the Austrian surrender at Ulm.
 

11 November

The battle of Durnstein (11 November 1805) saw an isolated French force north of the Danube come close to being destroyed by a much larger Austro-Russian Army, before French reinforcements saved the day.
 

15-16 November

The combat of Hollabrunn (15-16 November 1805) was a delaying action fought by the Russian that helped prevent Napoleon from trapping Kutuzov's army before it could join up with another Russian army approaching from the north.
 

2 December

The battle of Austerlitz (2 December 1805), or the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of Napoleon's most impressive victories and saw him inflict a crushing defeat on an Austro-Russian army, in the process knocking Austrian out of the War of the Third Coalition.
 

15 December

The Convention of Schönbrünn (15 December 1805) was an alliance between Prussia and France forced on the Prussians in the aftermath of Napoleon's great victory at Austerlitz.

1806

16 February

The combat of Ostrolenka (16 February 1807) was a minor French victory won on the right flank of their long front in Poland, and ended a Russian attempt to push the French back in the south.
    The War of the Fourth Coalition (1806-1807) saw Napoleon defeat Prussia at Jena and Auerstädt in 1806, and Russia at Friedland in 1807, and the resulting Peace of Tilsit marked the high point of Napoleon's power.
 

9 October

The battle of Schleiz (9 October 1806) was a minor clash early in the War of the Fourth Coalition and saw the French defeat an isolated detachment on the left of the Prussian army.
 

10 October

The battle of Saalfeld (10 October 1806) was the first major clash during the War of the Fourth Coalition and saw a French column defeat a smaller Prussian force under Prince Louis Ferdinand
 

14 October

The battle of Auerstädt (14 October 1806) was the most important of two simultaneous French victories over the Prussians and saw Marshal Davoût with a single corps defeat the main body of the Prussian army while further south Napoleon with most of the Grand Armée defeated the smaller Prussian flank guard at Jena.

The battle of Jena (14 October 1806) was one of two simultaneous battles won by the French on the same day and saw Napoleon with most of the Grand Armée defeat the Prussian flank guard at Jena while Marshal Davout defeated the main Prussian force further north at Auerstädt.

 

17 October

The battle of Halle (17 October 1806) was a French victory over the intact Prussian reserve army in the aftermath of the battles of Jena and Auerstädt.
 

2o October-11 November

The siege of Magdeburg (20 October-11 November 1806) came in the aftermath of the twin French victories at Jena and Auerstädt, and the surrender of the city marked the end of significant Prussian resistance in 1806.
 

21 November

Napolean announced the Continental System, aimed at defeating Great Britain through a trade blockade of the continent.
 

23 December

The combat of Czarnowo (23 December 1806) saw the French establish a bridgehead on the east bank of the River Ukra, at the point where it flows into the River Bug (War of the Fourth Coalition).

The combat of Biezun (23 December 1806) saw the defeat of a Prussian attempt to recapture Biezun on the Ukra River, a key position that connected the Prussians to their Russian allies.

 

26 December

The battle of Pultusk (26 December 1806) was one of two inconclusive battles fought on the same day between French and Russian forces, and was one of the first hints that the Russians might be a difficult opponent for Napoleon.

The battle of Golymin (26 December 1806) was one of two inconclusive battles fought between French and Russian armies in the Prussian partition of Poland on the same night.

1807

25 January

The combat of Mohrungen (25 January 1807) saw Bernadotte's corps defeat part of a Russian army that was attempting to attack the isolated left wing of Napoleon's army in Poland in the winter of 1806-7.
 

3 February

The battle of Jonkowo (3 February 1807) was an inconclusive battle that allowed the Russians to escape from a trap set for them by Napoleon after the Russians attempted to attack the left flank of the French army in Prussia.
 

6 February

The combat of Hof (6 February 1807) was a rearguard action fought between the Russian rearguard under Barclay de Tolly and the advancing French during the Russian retreat before the battle of Eylau.
 

8 February

The battle of Eylau (8 February 1807) was the first major setback suffered by Napoleon on the battlefield and was a costly inconclusive battle fought in the snow in East Prussia.
 

14 June

The battle of Friedland (14 June 1807) was the final battle of the War of the Fourth Coalition, and was a major French victory that forced Tsar Alexander to begin peace talks.
 

7 & 9 July

The two treaties of Tilsit (7 and 9 July 1807) ended the War of the Fourth Coalition and saw Napoleon impose very different terms on the Russians and Prussians.
 

November

Outbreak of Peninsular War (1807-14), part of Napoleonic War

1808

29 February

French troops capture the citadel of citadel of Pamplona, the first of a series of surprise attacks on Spanish border fortifications.
 

16 February

French troops take the Barcelona by trickery.
 

5 March

The Spanish fortress of San Sebastian surrenders to the French
 

18 March

French troops take the citadel of Figueras by trickery
 

7 June

The battle of Alcolea was a French victory early in the Peninsular War won over an army of Spanish volunteers outside Cordova

The sack of Cordova was an early indication of the ferocity which would be a distinguishing feature of the Spanish uprising against French Rule

 

8 June

The action at Tudela of was the first of three attempts by the Spanish to defeat or delay a French army that was marching towards Saragossa.
 

12 June

The battle of Cabezon was a crushing French victory won against an inexperienced Spanish army under the command of captain-general Don Gregorio de la Cuesta.
 

13 June

The action at Mallen was the second of three Spanish attempts to stop a French army under General Lefebvre-Desnouettes from reaching Saragossa.
 

14 June

The battle of Alagon was the third of three attempts made by Joseph Palafox, the captain-general of Aragon, to stop a French column under General Lefebvre-Desnouettes from reaching Saragossa.
 

15 June

The first siege of Saragossa, (to 14 August 1808), saw the Spanish successfully defend the almost unfortified city against a strong French attack, and was an early demonstration of the determination with which the Spanish would defend some of their cities.
 

17 June

The storm of Mataro was a minor French victory that came just before General Duhesme’s first attempt to capture Gerona in June 1808.
 

20-21 June

The first siege of Gerona was the first of three French attempts to seize this city, which blocked their lines of communication between Barcelona and Perpignan
 

21 June

The action at the River Cabriels saw a French army under Marshal Moncey sweep aside part of a small Spanish force that had been left to watch the northern route between Madrid and Valencia.
 

23-24 June

The action of Epila was a night battle that saw the French defeat a Spanish force attempting to raise the first siege of Saragossa.
 

24 June

The action at the Cabrillas Defile saw the defeat of the last Spanish attempt to stop a French army under Marshal Moncey from reaching Valencia.
 

26-28 June

The first battle of Valencia was one of a series of Spanish victories early in the Peninsular War. A French force under Marshal Moncey launched two assaults against the defenders of Valencia and was repulsed twice.
 

14 July

The battle of Medina del Rio Seco was a French victory early in the Peninsular War won by Marshal Bessiéres against a much larger Spanish army.
 

19 July

The battle of Baylen was a crucial Spanish victory early in the Peninsular War that encouraged both Spanish resistance and Napoleon’s enemies across Europe.
 

24 July-16 August

The second siege of Gerona was a second unsuccessful French attempt to capture the city of Gerona
 

29 July

The battle of Evora was a French victory during the Portuguese rebellion of 1808.
 

August-17 December 1808

The siege of Barcelona was one of the great missed opportunities of the Peninsular War - for over four months large Spanish armies sat inactive around the city, until driven away by a French relief force under St. Cyr
 

14 August

End of the first siege of Saragossa (from 15 June) when the French abandon the siege.
 

17 August

The battle of Rolica was the first battle during the British involvement in the Peninsular War, and the first victory for Sir Arthur Wellesley (the future duke of Wellington)
 

21 August

The battle of Vimiero was the decisive battle of the first British expedition to Portugal during the Peninsular War and saw Arthur Wellesley defeat a French attack on his position
 

22 August

Convention of Cintra, allowing French troops to evacuate Portugal
 

31 October

The battle of Zornoza of was a French victory that came just before the start of Napoleon’s campaign in Spain in November 1808.
 

6 November-5 December

The siege of Rosas was the first engagement during General Gouvion St. Cyr’s campaign in Catalonia in the winter of 1808.
 

8 November

The skirmish at Valmeceda was a minor French victory in the aftermath of their victory at Zornoza on 31 October 1808.
 

10 November

The battle of Gamonel was the first French victory during Napoleon’s November 1808 campaign in Spain.

 

10-11 November

The battle of Espinosa de los Monteros was a major French victory during Napoleon’s November 1808 campaign in Spain.
 

23 November

The battle of Tudela was a major French victory that sealed the success of Napoleon’s great plan of double-envelopment during the one campaign he conducted in person in Spain.
 

30 November

The battle of the Somosierra Pass was the final Spanish attempt to stop Napoleon reaching Madrid during his 1808 campaign in Spain.
 

1-4 December

The siege of Madrid was the final French success during Napoleon’s only campaign in Spain.

 

16 December

The battle of Cardadeu was a French victory that ended the Spanish siege of Barcelona.
 

17 December

French troops raise the siege of Barcelona
 

20 December

The second siege of Saragossa ( to 20 February 1809), was an epic struggle that encouraged Spanish resistance to the French throughout the Peninsular War.
 

21 December

The battle of Sahagun was a British cavalry victory during Sir John Moore’s campaign in northern Spain in the winter of 1808.

The battle of Molins del Ray was the final battle during General St. Cyr’s campaign to raise the siege of Barcelona.

 

29 December

The battle of Benavente was a rear-guard action during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna.
 

30 December

The battle of Mansilla was a French victory over the rearguard of a Spanish army under General La Romana, fought during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna.

1809

3 January

The action at the defile of Cacabellos was a minor British victory during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna.

 

5 January

The skirmish at Constantino was a rear-guard action during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna in the winter of 1808-1809.

 

7 January

The fighting at Lugo was the closest that the British and French came to fighting a full scale battle during Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna over the winter of 1808-1809.

 

10 January

The straggler's battle at Betanzos was an incident late in Sir John Moore’s retreat to Corunna in the winter of 1808-1809.

 

13 January

The battle of Ucles was a major French victory close to Madrid early in 1809. It saw a French army under Marshal Victor destroy the vanguard of the Spanish Army of the Centre, under General Venegas, and ended any chance of a quick Spanish return to Madrid.
 

16 January

The battle of Corunna, 16 January, was the final fight during Sir John Moore’s retreat from Spain in the winter of 1808-1809. a

 

26 January

The combat of Alcañiz was a minor French victory over a Spanish force outside Saragossa during the second siege of Saragossa
 

17-18 February

The combat of Igualada saw the French defeat the left wing of an ambitious Spanish offensive aimed at recapturing Barcelona.
 

18 February

The combat of Mora was an inconclusive clash between a Spanish raiding party under the Duke of Albuquerque and a brigade of French dragoons under the command of General Digeon.
 

20 February

End of the second siege of Saragossa
 

25 February

The battle of Valls saw the French defeat the right wing of an ambitious Spanish offensive aimed at recapturing Barcelona.
 

10-11 March 1809

The combat of Chaves was an early French victory during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Portugal of March 1809.
 

17 March

The combat of Meza de Ibor was a French victory early in the Medellin campaign that forced the Spanish to abandon their positions on the River Tagus and retreat south towards the Guadiana.
 

20 March

The combat of Berrocal was a minor Spanish victory during the Medellin Campaign.

The battle of Braga (or of Lanhozo) was a French victory during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Portugal, won against a large force of Portuguese Ordenanza

 

20-25 March

The siege of Chaves saw the Portuguese recapture this border town only two weeks after it had fallen to the French.
 

21 March

The combat of Miajadas was the second of two minor Spanish victories during their retreat from the Tagus during the Medellin campaign.

 

25-26 March

Soult's Passage of the Ave saw him pass the last barrier between his army and Oporto, the first target on his invasion of Portugal.
 

26-27 March

The battle of Ciudad Real was an almost bloodless French victory over a Spanish army that had attempted to force the French out of La Mancha.
 

28 March

The battle of Medellin was the final battle during Marshal Victor’s invasion of Estremadura of March 1809 and was one of the most costly Spanish defeats of the Peninsular War.

 

29 March

The battle of Oporto was the final significant success during Marshal Soult’s invasion of Portugal.
 

7 April-2 May

The long defence of the bridge at Amarante was the first significant Portuguese success during Marshal Soult’s 1809 invasion of the country.
 

11 April

The combat of Ospedaletto (11 April 1809) was the first significant fighting during the War of the Fifth Coalition, and saw the Austrians under Archduke John push back part of the French Army of Italy during the early stages of their invasion of Italy
 

16 April

The battle of Sacile (16 April 1809) was the first major battle during the War of the Fifth Coalition, and was an Austrian victory that might have caused the French serious problems in Italy if events on the Danube had not forced the Austrians to pull their army back.

The engagement at Landshut of 16 April 1809 was one of the few Austrian successes during their invasion of Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 (War of the Fifth Coalition)

 

17 April

The engagement on the Regen or of Reinhausen of 17 April 1809 was a minor skirmish found on the north bank of the Danube opposite Regensburg that saw part of the Austrian advance guard clash with elements of Marshal Davout's isolated 3rd Corps

 

19 April

The battle of Teugn-Hausen (19 April 1809) was the first large scale battle during the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 (Fifth Coalition) and saw the main Austrian army under Archduke Charles fail to take a chance to trap Marshal Davout's isolated 3rd Corps

The combat of Arnhofen (19 April 1809) was a Bavarian victory over an Austrian brigade guarding the left flank of the main Austrian army during its invasion of Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809

The combat of Pfaffenhoffen (19 April 1809) was a minor clash between the left wing of the Austrian army invading Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 and elements of Marshal Oudinet's corps, advancing east on the right wing of the French army

 

20 April

The battle of Abensberg (20 April 1809) was the first stage in Napoleon's counter-attack against the Austrian army invading Bavaria at the start of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809, and saw him split the main Austrian army in half, forcing it to retreat to separate directions
 

21 April

The battle of Landshut (21 April 1809) saw the French force their way across the River Isar, completing the defeat of the left wing of the Austrian army that began on the previous day at Abensberg
 

22 April

Battle of Eggmuhl, French victory over the Austrians
 

23 April

The battle of Ratisbon or Regensburg (23 April 1809) was the final major battle in the initial Bavarian phase of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 (Fifth Coalition), and saw the French push the Austrians out of their last foot hold on the southern bank of the Danube.
 

24 April

The battle of Neumarkt (24 April 1809) was a rare French defeat during the Bavarian stage of the Franco-Austrian war of 1809 and saw the retreating Austrian left wing defeat Marshal Bessières' smaller pursuing column.
 

29 April

The combat of Salzburg, 29 April 1809, saw a small force of Napoleon's Bavarian allies capture the Austrian city of Salzburg, although they failed to intercept an Austrian column retreating from Munich (Franco-Austrian War of 1809)
 

8 May

The battle of the Piave (8 May 1809) was a French victory that effectively forced the Austrians to retreat from Italy, making up for the earlier French defeat at Sacile
 

10 May

The combat of Albergaria Nova was the result of an unsuccessful British attempt to trap the advance guard of Marshal Soult’s army at Oporto at the start of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s campaign in Northern Portugal of 1809.

The combat of Peso de Regoa was a relatively minor Portuguese victory over a French column under General Loison that very nearly resulted in the capture of Marshal Soult’s entire army.

The siege of Vienna of 10-13 May 1809 saw the Austrian capital fall to Napoleon for the second time in four years after a very short attempt to defend the city.

 

11 May

The combat of Grijon of was the second action during Sir Arthur Wellesley’s campaign in northern Portugal of 1809 and saw the French advance guard south of Oporto fight a short rearguard action before retreating into the city.
 

12 May

The battle of Oporto was Arthur Wellesley’s first victory after his return to Portugal in April 1809 (Peninsular War)
 

13 May

End of Siege of Vienna
 

14 May

The combat of Alcantara of was a minor clash between part of Marshal Victor’s corps and a small Portuguese force that had been stationed just across the Spanish frontier to watch the French army in Estremadura.
 

15/16 May

The passage of the Ponte Nova of 15/16 May 1809 was one of the most daring exploits during Marshal Soult’s retreat from Oporto of May 1809.
 

16 May

The combat of Mt. Kita (16 May 1809) was the first of a series of French victories that broke the deadlock on the Dalmatian Front during the War of the Fifth Coalition
 

17 May

The combat of Salamonde was the only serious fighting during Marshal Soult’s retreat after his defeat at Oporto on 12 May.

The passage of the Misarella River saw Marshal Soult’s army get past the last major barrier between them and relative safety during their retreat from Oporto in May 1809.

The combat of Gracac (17 May 1809) was a battle between Austrian and French troops on the Dalmatia-Croatia border that ended in a draw, but that did not prevent the Austrians from having to withdraw further into Croatia

The battle of Linz (17 May 1809) was an unsuccessful Austrian attempt to threaten Napoleon's long lines of communication back from Vienna along the Danube, and to prevent French reinforcements from moving west to join Napoleon's main army

 

18 May

The combat of Tarvisio (18 May 1809) was minor victory during the French advance after their victory over an Austrian army led by Archduke John on the Piave River on 8 May.
 

21-22 May

The combat of Gospic (21-22 May 1809) was hard fought clash between the Austrians and French on the border between Croatia and Dalmatia that ended in a draw but that forced the Austrians to retreat to the north.

The battle of Aspern-Essling (21-22 May 1809) was the first serious battlefield defeat suffered by Napoleon, and saw the Austrians repel a hasty French attempt to cross the Danube close to Vienna.

 

22 May

The combat near Laybach of 22 May 1809 was an almost bloodless victory for the French that ended with the surrender of a large Austrian force near Laybach (modern Ljubljana)
 

23 May

The combat of Santiago was a relatively rare victory for a Spanish partisan force over regular French troops during the Peninsular War.

The battle of Alcañiz was only the second major Spanish battlefield victory of the Peninsular War, and demonstrated many of the problems that would dog the French for the entire war.

 

25 May

The battle of St. Michael (25 May 1809) was a disastrous Austrian defeat that saw an entire division destroyed, dramatically reducing their ability to defend against a French invasion from Italy

The combat of Zutalovka (25 May 1809) was a clash between a retreating Austrian army from Croatia and the pursuing French Army of Dalmatia

 

25 May-11 December

The third siege of Gerona was one of the great epics of Spanish resistance during the Peninsular War, which despite ending in a French victory would act as a rallying call for Spanish resistance for the rest of the war.
 

7-8 June

The combat of the Oitabén River was a victory for a largely partisan Spanish force over Marshal Ney, which played a large part in the final defeat of French efforts to conquer Galicia.
 

9 July

The combat of Laa (9 July 1809) was one of a number of minor clashes between the French and the retreating Austrians in the aftermath of the battle of Wagram, and helped the French identify the main Austrian line of retreat.
 

12 June

The combat of Papa (12 June 1809) was a rearguard action fought during Archduke John of Austria's retreat towards the Danube after the failure of his invasion of Italy
 

14 June

The battle of Raab (14 June 1809) was a victory won by the French Army of Italy over an Austrian army in Western Hungary, preventing that army from reinforcing the main Austrian army in the days before the battle of Wagram.
 

15 June

The battle of Maria was a French victory that ended a brief Spanish threat to Saragossa.
 

18 June

The rout of Belchite was a French victory that ended General Blake’s attempt to recapture Saragossa in the summer of 1809.
 

5-6 July

The battle of Wagram (5-6 July 1809) was the decisive (if not the final) battle of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809 and was a costly French victory that saw Napoleon command a larger army than at any previous battle.
 

9 July

The combat of Hollabrunn (9 July 1809) was a successful Austrian rearguard action during their retreat after defeat at Wagram (5-6 July 1809) and saw Klenau's VI Corps hold up the French troops sent to find the retreating Austrian army

The combat of Laa (9 July 1809) was one of a number of minor clashes between the French and the retreating Austrians in the aftermath of the battle of Wagram, and helped the French identify the main Austrian line of retreat.

 

10 July

The combat of Schöngrabern (10 July 1809) was a second successful Austrian rearguard action in two days in the aftermath of their defeat at Wagram, and saw a small force from Reuss's V Corps hold up Massena's troops advancing on the main road towards Znaim

The battle of Znaim (10-11 July 1809) was the last battle on the main front of the Franco-Austrian War of 1809, and was cut short after Napoleon agreed to Austrian offers of an armistice.

 

11 July

Second day of the Battle of Znaim
 

12 July

Armistice of Znaim, initial peace between France and Austria
 

26 July

The combat of Torrijos was a clash between the Spanish rearguard and advancing French cavalry, fought two days before the battle of Talavera.
 

27 July

The combat of Cassa de Salinas of was a preliminary action fought on the day before the main fighting at the battle of Talavera.
 

27-28 July

The battle of Talavera was the first of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s great victories in Spain during the Peninsular War.
 

5 August

The combat of Aranjuez was an inconclusive skirmish between the armies of King Joseph and General Venegas, fought towards the end of the Talavera campaign.
 

8 August

The combat of Arzobispo was a minor French victory late in the Talavera campaign, which saw them force their way across the River Tagus.
 

17 September

Treaty of Fredrikshavn, Finland transfered from Sweden to Russia
 

9 October

The combat of Astorga was a minor French setback in the autumn of 1809.
 

14 October

Treaty of Schonbrunn, peace forced on Austria by France in which Austria agreed to join the continental system

 

18 October

The battle of Tamames was the first Spanish battlefield victory in the Peninsular War since Alcaniz (23 May 1809), and the most significant since Baylen, right at the start of the war.
 

7 November

The combat of Hostalrich was a minor French victory in Catalonia, which played a significant part in their victory in the third siege of Gerona (24 May-11 December 1809).
 

11 November

The combat of Ocaña was a minor French victory early in the Spanish Junta’s autumn campaign of 1809.
 

19 November

The battle of Ocaña was a major Spanish defeat that ended any chance of success in the Spanish Junta’s autumn campaign of 1809.
 

23-24 November

The combat of Tremendal was a rare French success against one of the elusive bands of Spanish guerrillas.
 

28 November

The battle of Alba de Tormes was a dramatic French cavalry victory that ended the Spanish Junta’s autumn campaign of 1809.
 

11 December

Third siege of Gerona ends in a French victory

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