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1900

 

Boxer Rebellion: revolt in China against Western influence.

 

6 January

Battle of the Platrand, unsuccessful Boer attempt to break into the British lines at Ladysmith.

 

11 February

Start of the Great Flank March, resulting in the Relief of Kimberley and capture of Bloemfontein.
 

15 February

Relief of Kimberley

 

18 February

Start of the battle of Paardeberg.

 

27 February

End of the siege of Ladysmith (Boer War)
Battle of Paardeberg ends with surrender of the Boer army that had been blocking the route to Kimberley.
 

7 March

Battle of Poplar Grove: Boer attempt to delay the British advance to Bloemfontein collapses without serious fighting.

 

10 March

Battle of Driefontein: Heavily outnumbered Boer force delays the British advance towards Bloemfontein for a day, but resistance collapses at nightfall.

 

13 March

Great Flank March ends with the capture of Bloemfontein

1904

30 April-1 May

Battle of Yalu River, (Korea) Japanese victory over Russian army allowing Japan access to Manchuria

1911

29 September

Declaration of Italo-Turkish War (1911-12)

1912

15 October

Treaty of Ouchy ends Italo-Turkish War, Italy gained Libya

1914

28 June

Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand begins build up to First World War
 

23 July

Austrian note to Serbia listing demands (First World War)
 

28 July

Austria declares war on Serbia (First World War)
 

1 August

Germany declares war on Russia (First World War)
 

2 August

Germany invades Luxembourg and demands free passage through Belgium (First World War)
 

3 August

Belgium refuses German demands. Germany declares war on France (First World War)
 

4 August

Germany declares war on Belgium, and invades. Britain declares war on Germany (First World War)
 

5 August

Austria declares war on Russia (First World War)
First day of siege of Liege (to 16 August)
 

7 August

The Battle of Mulhouse (to 9 August 1914), was a minor French offensive in Alsace that ended with an rapid retreat in the face of a German counterattack

 

12 August

First day of Battle of Jadar (to 21 August), first Austrian invasion of Serbia (WWI)

The Battle of Haelen was a minor Allied victory early in the First World War, which saw a German cavalry Corps defeated by dismounted Belgian cavalrymen.

 

14 August

The Battle of Lorraine (to 7 September 1914), began as the main French offensive of 1914 and ended in a German counterattack.
 

16 August

Fall of Liege (from 5 August)
 

17 August

Battle of Stalluponen (East Prussia), minor German victory in East Prussia (WWI)
 

20 August

Battle of Gumbinnen (East Prussia), drawn battle between Russian and German forces (WWI)

The Battle of the Frontiers of France (to 24 August 1914), refers to a series of four separate battles, stretching from the Swiss frontier to Mons in Belgium, each of which saw German armies achieve their main objectives.

The Battle of the Ardennes, (to 25 August 1914), saw the failure of a French attack into the Ardennes.

 

21 August

Austrians retreat marks end of Battle of Jadar (from 12 August), marking failure of first Austrian invasion of Serbia

The Battle of the Sambre or Charleroi, (to 23 August 1914), was a German victory over a French army during their advance through Belgium.

 

23 August

Hindenburg and Ludendorff arrive to take command of German eastern front.
Orlau-Frankenau, battle of, 24 August 1914 (East Prussia)

The Battle of Mons was the first battle fought by the BEF during the First World War. The BEF delayed the German advance for a day before being forced to retreat to avoid being cut off.

The battles of Lemberg, (to 12 September), were a series of battles in Galicia that saw the Russians force the Austro-Hungarians back to the Carpathian Mountains.

The battle of Krasnik, (to 25 August), was a minor Austrian victory during their 1914 Galician campaign.

 

25 August

End of the battle of Krasnik (from 23 August), was a minor Austrian victory during their 1914 Galician campaign.

The siege of Maubeuge, (to 7 September 1914), saw the Germans capture the French fortress of Maubeuge on the Sambre after their main armies swept past.

The battle of the Grande Couronne of Nancy, (to 11 September 1914), saw the French defeat a German counterattack from Lorraine.

 

26 August

First day of battle of Tannenberg, between German and Russian forces (WWI)

The Battle of Le Cateau, took place during the retreat of the BEF in the aftermath of the battle of Mons and saw II Corps hold of a German attack for eleven hours

The battle of Komarow (to 1 September 1914), was a minor Austrian victory early in their invasion of Galicia.

The battle of Gnila Lipa (to 30 August) saw two Russian armies push back an Austrian army back to the west of Lemberg.

 

28 August

Battle of Heligoland Bight(Naval Battle), minor British naval victory off German coast. (WWI)
 

30 August

End of the battle of Gnila Lipa (from 26 August)
 

31 August

Last day of battle of Tannenberg, ends with massive German victory over Russians
 

1 September

End of the battle of Komarow (from 26 August)
 

3 September

Start of Battle of Rava Ruska (to 11 September 1914) (Poland), Russian victory over Austrians (First World War)
 

5 September

First day of the First battle of the Marne (France), make or break battle (WWI)

The Battle of the Ourcq River, (to 9 September 1914), was part of the First Battle of the Marne and helped to create the gap in the German line that forced them to withdraw from the Marne to the Aisne.

 

7 September

Fall of Maubeuge (from 25 August)
 

8 September

First day of battle of the Drina (to 17 September), Serb attempt to stop second Austrian invasion
 

9 September

Start of First Battle of Masurian Lakes (to 14 September), German attack on last Russian army invading East Prussia
 

10 September

Last day of the First battle of the Marne (France), allied victory ending German hopes of a short war. (WWI)
 

11 September

End of Battle of Rava Ruska (from 3 September) , Russian victory over Austrians (First World War)
 

12 September

The First Battle of the Aisne (to 28 September 1914) marked the end of mobile warfare on the Western Front and the start of the period of static trench warfare that would last until 1918

End of the battles of Lemberg (from 23 August).

  14 September Erich von Falkenhayn replaced Helmuth von Moltke as Chief of German General Staff
End of First Battle of Masurian Lakes, German victory ending Russian threat to East Prussia
 

17 September

Last day of battle of the Drina (from 8 September), Serbs retreat to defend Belgrade.
 

18 September

Start of the Siege of Tsingtao (to 6 November 1914), the only battle of the First World War to take place in the Far East. Japan captured the German port of Tsingtao on the coast of China.
 

22 September

The first battle of Picardy (to 26 September 1914), was part of the Race to the Sea, the series of encounter battles that decided the location of the Western Front during the First World War.

The raid on Madras was typical of the daring that made the Emden the most famous German commerce raider of the First World War.

 

24 September

The siege of Przemysl, 24 September-11 October and 6 November 1914-22 March 1915, saw the Russians capture a major Austrian fortress on the border between Austro-Hungary and Russian Poland.
 

25 September

Death of Harry Sherwood Ranken, VC MB ChB MRCP 1883-1914, of wounds taken while treating other wounded men.

The battle of Albert, (to 29 September 1914), was part of the Race to the Sea. It was a clash between the French Second Army (de Castelnau) and the German Sixth (Crown Prince Rupprecht), towards the end of the wider first battle of Picardy (22-26 September)

 

27 September

The first battle of Artois, (to 10 October 1914), was part of the Race to the Sea, a series of encounter battles that set the line of the Western Front for most of the First World War
 

28 September

The battle of the Vistula River (to 30 October 1914), saw a German invasion of south western Poland defeated by a much larger Russian army.

 

1 October

The Third Battle of Antwerp (to 10 October 1914), was the final phase of a more prolonged period of fighting around Antwerp that had begun during the third week of August 1914 when the bulk of the Belgian army had fallen back from its initial front line to a new line based around Antwerp. It ended with the surrender of the city on 10 October.

 

10 October

Surrender of Antwerp.

The Battle of La Bassée (to 2 November 1914), was part of the Race to the Sea and helped decided the location of the Western Front in Flanders.

End of the first battle of Artois (from 27 September)

 

11 October

Austrians relief Przemysl, siege is renewed on 6 November.
 

12 October

The battle of Messines (to 2 November 1914), was part of the Race to the Sea, the series of battles that decided the line of the western front. It became part of the wider battle around Ypres.

 

13 October

The battle of Armentières, (to 2 November 1914), was part of the Race to the Sea, the series of battles that decided the line of the Western Front as trench warfare took over in the autumn of 1914.

 

18 October

The battle of the Yser (to 30 November 1914) was the northernmost battle of the Race to the Sea, the series of battles which decided the location of the Western Front after the outbreak of trench warfare on the Aisne in early September 1914
 

19 October

The first battle of Ypres (to 22 November 1914), saw the British and French defeat repeated German attempts to break their lines in an attempt to capture the channel ports.

Start of the first battle of Warsaw (to 30 October), which saw a German army retreat from Warsaw in the face of overwhelming Russian numbers

 

21 October

The Battle of Langemarck (to 24 October 1914), saw the first major German attack during the first battle of Ypres
 

28 October

End of the first battle of the Aisne (from 12 September)

The raid on Penang was one of the more daring incidents during the cruise of the Emden, the most successful German commerce raider of the First World War.

 

29 October

Turkey declares war on side of Central Powers (First World War, 1914-1918)
 

30 October

End of the battle of the Vistula River (from 28 September) and the related first battle of Warsaw (from 19 October).
 

1 November

The Battle of Coronel was the worst British naval defeat of the First World War
 

2 November

Official end of the battle of Armentières (from 13 October)

Official end of the battle of Messines (from 12 October)

 

6 November

German garrison of Tsingtao surrenders to Japanese (from 18 September)
 

7 November

The second battle of Warsaw (to 25 November 1914), was a German offensive launched to prevent a Russian invasion of Silesia in eastern Germany.

 

11 November

Start of Battle of Lodz (to 25 November), German attempt to prevent Russian attack on Germany

The Battle of Nonne Bosschen was the last major German attack on the British lines during the first battle of Ypres.

 

22 November

End of the first battle of Ypres
 

25 November

End of Battle of Lodz (from 11 November), and second battle of Warsaw (from 7 November) marking end of any Russian hopes of an attack on Germany
 

3 December

First day of Battle of Kolubram Serb counterattack against Austrian invasion
 

8 December

The Battle of the Falklands, saw the defeat of a squadron of German cruisers under Admiral Maximilian von Spee

 

9 December

Final day of Battle of Kolubra, Austrians forced to retreat from Serbia
 

15 December

The German raid on the Yorkshire coast of 15-16 December 1914 saw the first civilian casualties on British soil since the French Revolutionary Wars. A squadron of German battlecruisers attacked Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby and then slipped past the British force sent to catch it.

 

16 December

The Scarborough Raid was the most controversial part of the German raid on the Yorkshire coast of 15-16 December 1914.

The Hartlepool Raid was the only part of the German raid on the Yorkshire coast of 15-16 December to come up against a defended port.

The Whitby Raid was the final part of the German navy’s raid on the Yorkshire Coast of 15-16 December.

1915

24 January

Naval battle of Dogger Bank, British victory over German battlecruisers
 

24 January

The battle of Bolimov was a minor battle on the eastern front best known for the first use of poisoned gas during the First World War

 

3-4 February

The battle of the Suez Canal saw the defeat of a Turkish attack on the British position in Egypt.
 

7 February

The second battle of the Masurian Lakes (to 21 February 1915), was a German victory in East Prussia that pushed the Russians out of Germany but failed to achieve its wider aims.
 

21 February

End of the second battle of the Masurian Lakes (from 7 February)
 

10-13 March

The battle of Neuve-Chapelle, 10-13 March 1915, was a small scale battle in Artois fought in advance of the main Spring offensives of 1915.
 

22 March

Fall of Przemysl, 24 September-11 October and 6 November 1914-22 March 1915, after a siege that had lasted, with a short break, for six months.

 

22 April

The second battle of Ypres (to 25 May 1915), saw the first use of poisoned gas on the western front.
 

25 April

Allied Troops land at Gallipoli
 

2 May

The battle of Gorlice-Tarnow (to 10 May 1915), was a rare breakthrough battle during the First World War. The German victory at Gorlice-Tarnow threatened the entire Russian line and eventually forced the abandonment of Russian Poland

 

9 May

The second battle of Artois (to 18 June 1915), was the main Allied offensive of 1915 on the Western Front. It ended in costly failure

The battle of Aubers Ridge (to 10 May), was the first British contribution to the wider second battle of Artois. It ended in abject failure

 

10 May

Further attacks at Aubers Ridge cancelled.
 

15 May

The battle of Festubert (to 27 May 1915), was the second major British contribution to the wider second battle of Artois, and was an important step in the move to a war of attrition

 

25 May

End of Second battle of Ypres (from 22 April)
 

27 May

End of the battle of Festubert (from 15 May)
 

18 June

End of the second battle of Artois (from 9 May)
 

20 June

The battle of Lemberg (to 22 June), was a short-lived Russian attempt to defend Lemberg in the period after the German breakthrough at Gorlice-Tarnow
 

22 June

Fall of Lemberg
 

23 June-7 July

The first battle of the Isonzo, was the first of eleven Italian offensives on the Isonzo front that failed to achieve a breakthrough
 

18 July-3 August

The second battle of Isonzo, was a renewed Italian offensive that made some minor progress
 

5 August

The third battle of Warsaw, saw the Germans occupy Warsaw in the aftermath of their victory at Gorlice-Tarnow.
 

10 August

The siege of Novo-Georgievsk (to 20 August 1915), saw a Russian garrison 90,000 strong captured by the Germans after the fall of Warsaw.

 

20 August

Fall of Novo-Georgievsk
 

25 September

The Battle of Loos, (to 14 October 1915), was the British contribution to the unsuccessful Allied autumn offensives of 1915

The Second Battle of Champagne (to 6 November 1915), saw the failure of the main French effort in the autumn offensive of 1915.

 

14 October

Bulgaria declares war of side of Central Powers (First World War)

End of the Battle of Loos (from 25 September)

 

18 October-3 November

The third battle of the Isonzo, 18 October-3 November 1915, was perhaps the least successful of the series of twelve Italian offensives on the Isonzo
 

6 November

End of the Second Battle of Champagne (from 25 September)
 

10 November-2 December

The fourth battle of the Isonzo, was the final Italian offensive of 1915, and made little more progress than the previous three.

1916

21 February

The Battle of Verdun (to 18 December 1916), was the longest and bloodiest battle of the First World War. It saw the failure of a German attempt to bleed the French army white
 

26 February

The battle of Agagia (or Aqqaqia) saw the defeat of the Senussi Uprising along the Egyptian coast.

 

9-17 March

The fifth battle of the Isonzo was a short lived offensive launched at the request of Britain and France

 

18-26 March 1916

The battle of Lake Naroch was an unsuccessful Russian offensive launched around Lake Naroch in the hope of recapturing Vilna, one of the most important towns in the Russian Baltic provinces.
 

23 April

The action of Qatia, was a minor Turkish victory over the British in the Sinai Desert
 

31 May

First day of Battle of Jutland, only great fleet battle of First World War
 

1 June

Second and final day of Battle of Jutland, German fleet escapes back to home ports
 

6 June

The battle of Kovel-Stanislav, or the Brusilov Offensive, (to 20 September 1916), was the best planned Russian offensive of the First World War
 

24 June

Start of the artillery bombardment before the battle of the Somme.

 

1 July

The first day of the battle of the Somme, on which over 19,000 British soldiers were killed.

The battle of Albert, (to 13 July 1916), is the official name for the British efforts during the first two weeks fighting of the first battle of the Somme. As such it includes the first day of the Somme, the most costly day in British military history and one that has coloured our image of the First World War ever since

 

14 July

The battle of Bazentine Ridge, (to 17 July 1916), was the start of the second phase of the battle of the Somme, designed to break into the German second line.

 

16 July

The battle of Delville Wood, (to 3 September 1916), began as part of the battle of Bazentine Ridge, itself part of the first battle of the Somme.

 

19 July

The battle of Fromelles, (to 20 July), was a minor British attack launched close to Aubers Ridge in order to prevent the Germans moving troops from their quiet sectors to the battle of the Somme.

 

23 July

The battle of Pozières Ridge, (to 3 September 1916) was part of the first battle of the Somme. It was the official name given to fighting between the River Ancre and the village of Bazentin le Petit, with the village of Pozières in the centre of the line.
 

3-9 August

The battle of Romani, saw the defeat of a Turkish army that was attempting to come within artillery range of the Suez Canal.

 

4-17 August

The sixth battle of the Isonzo, was the most succesful of the eleven Italian offensives on the Isonzo.
 

27 August

Romania declares war on Allied side (First World War)
 

29 August

Paul von Hindenburg replaced Erich von Falkenhayn as Chief of German General Staff, with Erich von Ludendorff as his Quartermaster General
 

3 September

The battle of Guillemont, (to 6 September), was the official name given to the fighting that captured the village of Guillemont during the first battle of the Somme.
 

9 September 1916

The battle of Ginchy was part of the first battle of the Somme, launched in advance of the main September offensive, the battle of Flers-Courcelette

 

14-17 September

The seventh battle of the Isonzo, was the first of three short-lived offensives launched on the Isonzo front in the autumn of 1916.
 

15 September

The battle of Flers-Courcelette, (to 22 September 1916), was the third main phase of the battle of the Somme. It is best known as the first tank battle in history

 

20 September

End of the battle of Kovel-Stanislav (or the Brusilov Offensive), from 4 June 1916
 

25 September

The battle of Morval, (to 28 September 1916), was a continuation of the battle of Flers-Courcelette (15-23 September), designed to capture those objectives of the earlier battle that had not been secured during the successful advances on its first two days.
 

26 September

The battle of Thiepval Ridge, (to 30 September 1916), was part of the first battle of the Somme. It saw the British attack Thiepval Ridge in preparation for an attack on the Ancre.
 

1 October

The battle of the Ancre Heights of (to 11 November 1916) was part of the wider first battle of the Somme. It was fought on the left of the British line of the Somme, with the aim of pinching out a German salient on the Ancre River created by the limited British advances further along the line.

The battle of the Transloy Ridges, (to 20 October 1916), was part of the first battle of the Somme. It was the last officially acknowledged battle fought by the Fourth Army (Rawlinson) although fighting continued on that front into November.

 

9-12 October

The eighth battle of the Isonzo, was the second of three short-lived offensives launched on the Isonzo front in the autumn of 1916.
 

1-4 November

The ninth battle of the Isonzo, was the third of three short-lived offensives launched on the Isonzo front in the autumn of 1916.

 

13 November

The battle of the Ancre (to 19 November 1916), was the final phase of the first battle of the Somme. It involved an attack on the German front line as it crossed the Ancre River, a sector of the front that had first been attacked on the first day of the battle without success.
 

18 November

The battle of the Somme finally comes to an end.
 

12 December

Nivelle replaces Joffre as French Commander in Chief (First World War)
 

18 December

End of the Battle of Verdun (from 21 February)
 

23 December

The action at Magdhaba was a minor British victory during their advance across the Sinai in 1916.

1917

9 January

The battle of Rafa was a minor British victory that ended the Sinai campaign of 1916.
 

2 February

Germany starts unrestricted submarine warfare (First World War)
 

26-27 March

The first battle of Gaza saw the British come close to capturing Gaza before a lack of information forced the attack to be cancelled.
 

6 April

United States declares war on Allied side (First World War)

 

9 April

The Second battle of Arras, (to 17 May 1917), was the British element of the Allied spring offensive of 1917. It is best known for the capture of Vimy Ridge by the Canadian Corps.

The Battle of Vimy Ridge (to 13 April 1917), was one of the best planned battles of the entire First World War. Part of the wider Second Battle of Arras it saw the Canadian Corps capture Vimy Ridge in a single day.

 

16 April

The Second Battle of the Aisne (to 15 May 1917), was a failed French offensive that ended with the replacement of the French Commander in Chief and a general mutiny in the French army.
 

17-19 April

The second battle of Gaza was the second British attempt to capture Gaza in under a week.
 

12 May

The Tenth battle of the Isonzo, (to 8 June 1917), was one of the more succesful of the Isonzo battles, and saw the Italians advance towards Trieste and east from Gorizia before the offensive ran down.

 

15 May

Petain replaces Nivelle as French Commander in Chief
 

17 May

End of the Second battle of Arras (from 9 April)
 

7 June

Battle of Messines, British victory over Germans in build up to Third Ypres (WWI)
 

8 June

End of the Tenth battle of the Isonzo (from 12 May)
 

27 June

Greece declares war on Allied side (First World War)
 

21 July

The Third Battle of Ypres (to 6 November 1917), was one of the more pointless and badly handled battles of the First World War, and is famous for the Passchendaele Mud
 

18 August

Italians launched 11th battle of Isonzo (to 15 September 1917) (First World War)
 

15 September

11th battle of Isonzo ends. Italians close to breaking Austrian resistance.
 

20 September

The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, (to 25 September 1917), marked a change in British tactics during the Third Battle of Ypres and resulted in a small British victory

 

26-27 September

The Battle of Polygon Wood was an Australian victory during the Third Battle of Ypres
 

4 October

The battle of Broodseinde was the last of three successful bite and hold battles launched by General Herbert Plumer during the middle phase of the third battle of Ypres

 

9 October

The Battle of Poelcappelle was the first of three mud stained battles that ended the third battle of Ypres.
 

12 October

The First Battle of Passchendaele was an entirely unsuccessful attack during the Third Battle of Ypres
 

24 October

Start of Battle of Caporetto, German and Austrian troops quickly push back Italians. (WWI)

 

26 October

The Second Battle of Passchendaele (to 10 November), was the final phase of the wider Third Battle of Ypres (often known as Passchendaele)

 

31 October

The third battle of Gaza (to 7 November) saw the British under General Allenby finally force the Turks out of their strong positions around Gaza.

The battle of Beersheba was the first part of the wider third battle of Gaza. The British victory was secured by an Australian cavalry charge

 

7 November

End of the third battle of Gaza
 

8 November

The affair of Huj was one of the more dramatic incidents of the British pursuit of the Turkish armies retreating after the third battle of Gaza (31 October-7 November)
 

9 November

Armando Diaz replaces Luigi Cadorna as Italian chief of staff
 

12 November

Battle of Caporetto peters out after Germans and Austrians advance seventy miles (WWI)
 

13 November

The battle of Junction Station saw the British defeat a Turkish attempt to defend the line of the railway to Jerusalem.

The action of El Mughar, was part of the wider battle of Junction Station, which saw the British capture the railway junction that linked the Turkish Seventh Army around Jerusalem with the Eighth Army on the coast.

 

14 November

Capture of Junction Station
 

17-24 November 1917

The battle of Nebi Samwil was the first British attempt to capture Jerusalem during their 1917 invasion of Palestine.
 

20 November

The Battle of Cambrai, (to 7 December 1917), was the first large scale tank battle in history.
 

7-9 December 1917

The fall of Jerusalem saw the British achieve their main objective in Palestine after a campaign that had begun six weeks earlier at Gaza
 

15 December

Armistice of Brest Litovsk, Russian surrender to Germany (First World War)
 

21-22 December 1917

The battle of Jaffa was a minor engagement during the British invasion of Palestine of 1917 which saw the British push the Turks further away from the port of Jaffa
 

26-30 December 1917

The defence of Jerusalem was the last significant action during the British invasion of Palestine in 1917.

1918

  Introduction of Thompson Sub Machine Gun (to 1944)
 

3 March

Peace of Brest Litovsk, confirmed Russian exit from First World War
 

21 March

The Second battle of the Somme (to 5 April), was the first of General Ludendorff’s five great offensives launched during the spring and summer of 1918.

 

30 March

The First battle of Villers-Bretonneux (to 30 March), was part of the second battle of the Somme and saw an Australian counterattack defeat a German attack close to Amiens
 

5 April

End of the Second battle of the Somme (from 21 March)
 

9 April

The Battle of the Lys, (to 29 April 1918), was the second German offensive of 1918, aimed at the British in Flanders.
 

22-23 April

British raid on Zeebrugge, blocks the German-held port.
 

24-27 April

The Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, was a renewed German attack towards Amiens, defeated by a night attack.
 

29 April

End of the Battle of the Lys (from 9 April)
 

27 May

The Third Battle of the Aisne, 27 May-3 June 1918, was the third of General Ludendorff's great offensives during the summer 1918. It saw German troops reach within forty miles of Paris before the advance was stopped.
 

28 May

The battle of Cantigny was the first American offensive of the First World War.
 

3 June

End of the Third Battle of the Aisne, 27 May-3 June 1918

Battle of Château-Thierry of 3-4 June 1918 was part of the Allied response to the German Aisne offensive of 27 May-7 June 1918 and sees an American counterattack on the Marne.

 

6 June

The Battle of Belleau Wood (to 26 June 1918), was part of the Allied counterattack that came at the end of the Third Battle of the Aisne and an early victory for the American army in France
 

9 June

The Battle of Noyon-Montdidier, (to 13 June 1918), was the fourth of General Erich von Ludendorff’s great offensives of the spring and summer of 1918

 

15 June

Start of Battle of Piave, last Austrian offensive of the First World War
 

23 June

Battle of Piave end in failure of Austrians (WWI)
 

26 June

End of the Battle of Belleau Wood (from 6 June)
 

15 July

The Second Battle of the Marne was the turning point of the First World War on the Western Front. It began as a German offensive (the Champagne-Marne Offensive, 15-18 July) but ended with a successful Allied counter-attack (the Aisne-Marne Offensive, 18 July-5 August) which saw the German army pushed back almost to the line it had occupied before their great success during the Third Battle of the Aisne

The Champagne-Marne Offensive (to 18 July 1918), was the last of Ludendorff’s five offensives of 1918 that had come close to breaking the Allied lines

 

18 July

The Aisne-Marne Offensive, (to 6 August 1918), was the second phase of the Second Battle of the Marne (15 July-6 August) and marked a major turning point in the fighting on the Western Front in 1918.
 

8 August

The battle of Amiens, (to 3 September 1918), is often seen as the turning point on the Western Front. The Germans were forced out of the Amiens salient and all the way back to the Hindenburg Line
 

21 August

The battle of Bapaume (to 3 September 1918) , was the second phase of the battle of Amiens, the British offensive often taken to be the turning point of the First World War on the Western Front.
 

3 September

End of battles of Amiens and of Bapaume
 

12-13 September

The Battle of St. Mihiel was the first major independent American offensive of the First World War and saw the Germans forced out of the St. Mihiel salient
 

15 September

The battle of the Vardar (to 29 September 1918), was the decisive battle on the Balkan Front of the First World War.
 

18-19 September

The battle of Epehy was a short battle fought in preparation for the great Allied attack on the Hindenburg line
 

19 September

The battle of Megiddo, (to 25 September 1918), was the climactic battle of the British invasion of Palestine of 1917-1918. It is also famous as the last great cavalry victory.
 

26 September

The Meuse-Argonne offensive (to 11 November 1918), was the southern part of the great triple offensive that broke the German lines on the Western Front. It was also the biggest battle fought by the American Expeditionary Force during the war

 

29 September

End of the battle of the Vardar (from 15 September). Armistice ends Bulgarian involvement in First World War on side of Central Powers
 

24 October

Start of Battle of Vittorio Veneto (Italian front), knocks Austrian out of the First World War.
 

26 October

Erich von Ludendorff resigns in protest at US surrender terms.
 

30 October

Armistice ends Turkish involvement in First World War
 

3 November

Armistice signed which ends Austrian involvement in First World War (from 4 November)
 

4 November

End of battle of Vittorio Veneto, Austrian Armistice comes into effect
 

11 November

Armistice with Germany, ends the First World War

End of Meuse-Argonne offensive (from 26 September 1918)

1919

3 May

Afghan troops raid into India, starting Third Afghan War
 

31 May

Afghans sue for peace (Third Afghan War)
 

8 August

Treaty of Rawalpindi officially ends Third Afghan War

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