The treaty of Florence of 28 March 1801 confirmed French dominance in Italy. French troops under the command of Murat had entered Naples during the 1800-1801 Italian campaign, forcing King Ferdinand to sign a convention. The Peace of Lunéville then ended the fighting between France and Austria, leaving Ferdinand and Naples without allies in Italy.
On 28 March 1801 the earlier convention was replaced by the treaty of Florence. In this treaty Ferdinand agreed to give Taranto (in the heel of Italy) to the French, and to maintain a 15,000 strong French garrison in the city. He also agreed to close his ports to British trade.
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