Napoleon’s Marshals

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Marshal of France was the highest military rank in France before the revolution. After the revolution it was abolished as an elitest rank, but in 1804 Napoleon reinstated it as part of his attempts to rebuild a system of honours in France. Napoleon appointed twenty six marshals between 1804 and 1815.

Name

Lived

Notes and titles

Date appointed

Pierre Francois Charles Augereau

1757-1816

Duc de Castiglione

19.05.1804

Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte

1763-1844

Later King Charles XIV of Sweden

19.05.1804

Louis-Alexandre Berthier

1753-1815

Prince de Neuchatel, suicide or murdered?

19.05.1804

Jean Baptiste Bessieres

1763-1813

Duc D’Istrie, Killed in battle

19.05.1804

Guillaume Marie Anne Brune

1763-1815

Murdered by a loyalist mob

19.05.1804

Louis Nicolas Davout

1770-1823

Prince de Eckmuhl, Duc d’Auerstadt

19.05.1804

Laurent Gouvion St.Cyr

1764-1830

Later Marquis de St.Cyr

27.08.1812

Emmanuel Marquis de Grouchy

1766-1847

Marquis

03.06.1815

Jean Baptiste Jourdan

1762-1833

 

19.05.1804

Francois Etienne Christophe Kellerman

1735-1820

Duc de Valmy

19.05.1804

Jean Lannes

1769-1809

Killed in battle

19.05.1804

Francois Joseph Lefebvre

1755-1820

Duc de Danzig

19.05.1804

Jacques Etienne Joseph Macdonald

1765-1840

Duc de Tarente

12.07.1809

Auguste Frederic Viesse de Marmont

1774-1852

Duc de Raguse

12.07.1809

Andre Massena

1758-1817

Prince d’Essling Duc de Rivoli

19.05.1804

Bon Adrien Jannot de Moncey

1754-1842

Duc de Conegliano

19.05.1804

Adolphe Edouard Mortier

1768-1835

Duc de Trevise

19.05.1804

Joachim Murat

1767-1815

King of Naples, Grand Duke of Berg, death by firing squad

19.05.1804

Michel Ney

1769-1815

Prince de la Moskowa, Duc D’Elchingen, death by firing squad

19.05.1804

Nicholas Charles Oudinot

1767-1847

Duc de Reggio

12.07.1809

Catherine Dominique Perignon

1754-1818

Later Marquis de Perignon

19.05.1804

Josef Anton Prince Poniatowski

1763-1813

Drowned in battle

16.10.1813

Jean Mathieu Serurier

1742-1819

 

19.05.1804

Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult

1769-1851

Duc de Dalmatie

19.05.1804

Louis Gabriel Suchet

1770-1826

Duc d’Albufera

01.07.1811

Claude Victor

1764-1841

Duc de Bellune

13.07.1807

Napoleonic Home Page | Books on the Napoleonic Wars | Subject Index: Napoleonic Wars


Napoleon's Commanders 1Napoleon's Commanders: Vol 1, Philip Haythornthwaite. Despite the emphasis on Napoleon, the scale of the Napoleonic Wars meant that his Marshals played a significant role in the early French successes. This volume covers the careers of the most important French commanders up till the Austrian campaign of 1809. [SEE MORE] cover cover cover

Napoleon's Commanders 2Napoleon's Commanders: Vol 2, Philip Haythornthwaite. The second volume of this set covers the last six years of the Napoleoninc Wars, from 1809 until the final defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo and focuses on those commanders who became famous during this period. [SEE MORE] cover cover cover

Napoleon's Marshals

Napoleon's Marshals, Emir Bukhari. A good book but starting to look a bit dated now although the information is accurate and it is nicely illustrated with colour pictures of all the famous marshals in uniform.

Includes a brief service record of all of the main Marshals but is lacking on any great detail [SEE MORE]

cover cover cover

How to cite this article: Dugdale-Pointon, T. (13 January 2005) Napoleon's Marshals , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/lists_napoleons_marshals.html

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