French Republican Calendar

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During the Napoleonic wars most of Europe used the Gregorian calendar with the exception of Russia, which used the Julian calendar until the revolution of 1917. Between 1792 and 1805 France used what was known as the Republican Calendar. In this all the months were renamed and years began with the foundation of the Republic at An I. All months had 30 days except the 12th month, which had 35 or 36 on a leap year. The Republican year ran from September to August.

Months

Vendemiaire

22 September-21 October

Brumaire

22 August-20 November

Frimaire

21 November-20 December

Nivose

21 December- 19 January

Pluviose

20 January-18 February

Ventose

19 February-20 March

Germinal

21 March-19 April

Floreal

20 April-19 May

Prairial

20 May-18 June

Messidor

19 June-18 July

Thermidor

19 July-17 August

Fructidor

18 August-21 September

Years

1792-3 I

1793-4

II

1794-5

III

1795-6

IV

1796-7

V

1797-8

VI

1798-9

VII

1799-1800

VIII

1800-01

IX

1801-2

X

1802-3

XI

1803-4

XII

1804-5

XII

1805

XIV

Napoleonic Home Page | Books on the Napoleonic Wars | Subject Index: Napoleonic Wars

How to cite this article: Dugdale-Pointon, T (23 January 2006), French Republican Calendar , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/concepts_republican_calendar.html

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