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The Focke-Achgelis Fa 225 was the prototype of a rotary wing glider, combining the rotor from a Fa 223 with the fuselage of a DFS 230 freight glider.
The glider had proved to be a very successful surprise weapon early in the Second World War, but it did need quite a large open area to land. By 1942 the Germans knew that a helicopter in autorotation mode (with the engine disengaged) could land accurately in a small area. The Fa 225 was developed in an attempt to produce a glider that could land in a very small area.
The prototype Fa 225 had the fuselage of a DFS 230 freight glider, with the wings removed, and one rotor from a Fa 223 twin-rotor transport helicopter installed. It was successfully tested in 1943, and was towed behind both the Heinkel He 45 and the Junkers Ju 52/3m. The Fa 225 could land within 60ft of its target, but it was slower than a normal DFS 230 and would have suffered heavy losses in the increasingly hostile skies over Europe. Although it was a technical success it wasn't accepted for operational service. Some of the development work may have contributed to the success of the simple Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 autogyro.
Rotor Span: 39ft 4.5in
Length: 36ft 10in
Loaded weight: 4,410lb
Maximum towed speed: 118mph
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