Treaty of Wilno, November 1656
The treaty of Wilno (or Nimieza) ended the first period of fighting between Poland and Russia in the Thirteen Years War (1654-1667). Russia was left in possession of large parts of Lithuania and the border lands recaptured from Poland-Lithuania at the start of the war. Tsar Alexis was to be strongly considered as the next king of Poland-Lithuania after the eventual death of John Casimir. The truce was to last for three years. At the same time the treaty established an anti-Swedish alliance between Poland-Lithuania and Russia. Fighting began again in 1658 with a Russian invasion of Lithuania, but their position was not as strong as in 1656 – the treaty of Wilno had annoyed Russia’s new Cossack allies, as had Russian behaviour towards the Cossacks. The renewed war continued until 1667, ending with the Treaty of Andrusovo.
How to cite this article:
Rickard, J (27 July 2007), Treaty of Wilno, November 1656 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/treaty_wilno.html