Creek War, 1813-14, (U.S.A.)

War between the Creek Indians and the U.S.A. The Creek were encouraged by the British as part of the War of 1812. Fighting started at Fort Mims (30 August 1813), where the Creek surprised the militia garrison, and killed more than half of the 500 militia and refugees present in the fort. The American response was led by Andrew Jackson, then a major general of militia, who inflicted defeats on the Creek at Tallasahatchee (3 November) and Talladega (9 November), although his force was then disbanded, allowing the Creek to regroup and threaten once again. In February 1815 Jackson again took to the field, with a new force of volunters, strengthened by a small contingent of regular troops, and inflicted a crushing defeat on the Creek at Horseshoe Bend (27 March 1814). The Creek were forced to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson (9 August 1814), surrendering most of their tribal lands, while Jackson was promoted to major general in the regular army.
How to cite this article: Rickard, J. (19 November 2000), Creek War, 1813-14,

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