Bishop's War, Second (1640)
Second brief war between Charles I of England and the Scots. Charles I summoned Parliament (The Short Parliament), in order to raise an army against the Scots. The Scots invaded northern England, won a battle at Newburn on the Tyne (28 August 1640), and occupied Northumberland and Durham. The war was ended by the Treaty of Ripon (26 October 1640), which forced Charles I to summon the Long Parliament, which in turn led to the English Civil War.
The English Civil War How to cite this article: Rickard, J. (1 November 2000), Bishop's War, Second (1640), http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_bishops2.html
, Richard Holmes & Peter Young, an early work by one of the country's best known military historians, this is a superb single volume history of the war, from its causes to the last campaigns of the war and on to the end of the protectorate.