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This was to free him to take command of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (27 June), then stalled in front of the Turkish defences of Gaza. One of his first acts on arriving in Cairo was to agree to provide T.E. Lawrence with £200,000 per month (later increased to £500,000) to fund the Arab revolt, which largely relied on British gold to maintain its momentum. Having studied his new command, he decided he needed reinforcements if he was to reach Jerusalem, and was promised the 10th Irish Division, then in Salonika (10 August), which arrived on 2 October. At this time he suffered a blow with the loss of his only son, killed on 29 July 1917 on the Western Front. In August he moved his headquarters from the luxury of Cairo, to Kelab, 200 miles nearer the front, from where he planned his first attack. From 28-31 October 1917, a 218 gun bombardment targeted Gaza, but when his attack came, on 31 October (3rd Battle of Gaza, 31 October-7 November 1917), it hit Beersheba, to the east of Gaza, which was captured on the first day, allowing an assault on Gaza, which resulted in an evacuation of the defenders of Gaza. By this point, command of the Turkish armies had passed to General Falkenhayn, but although he was able to restore some order to the Turkish retreat, he was unable to prevent the fall of Jerusalem on 11 December. Allenby entered the city on foot through the Jaffa Gate. The capture of Jerusalem just before Christmas provided a much needed morale boost on the home front. The German offensives in the first half of 1918 prevented any further attacks in Palestine until September 1918, when Allenby won his greatest victory (Battle of Megiddo, 19-21 September 1918), one of the great cavalry battles. The initial attack on 19 September broke the Turkish line, and through the gap Allenby poured his cavalry, which forced the Turks away from the coast, and their line of retreat, and into the inland hills, ending any effective Turkish resistance. Within a month, the Turks had entered armistice negotiations, and signed an armistice on 30 October 1918.
After the war he remained in Egypt, as high commissioner (1919-25). He was promoted to field marshal, and on 6 August 1919 created 1st Viscount Allenby of Megiddo. While in Egypt, he was able to get Egypt recognised as a sovereign state, ending any lingering Turkish claims (if not ending the British presence).
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