Battle of Winwaed, 654

Battle fought at the now unknown Winwaed, a stream near Leeds, between Oswiu, then king of Bernicia, and Penda, king of Mercia, and the dominant figure of the time. Oswiu, having come close to defeat, was eventually victorious, while Penda was killed in the battle. After the battle Northumbria was for a period dominant, while Mercia was temporarily dismembered.
Offa and the Mercian Wars - the Rise & Fall of the First Great English Kingdom, Chris Peers. Looks at the rise and fall of Mercia, the dominant English power of the Eighth Century, first emerging under the pagan Penda, before reaching its greatest power under Offa, one of the greatest of the Anglo-Saxon kings. Does a good job of dealing with the more obscure corners of Mercian history, and tells the interesting story of a kingdom that might have formed the nucleus of a united England (Read Full Review)
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How to cite this article:Rickard, J. (21 September 2000), Battle of Winwaed, 654,

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