Battle of St. Fagan's, 8 May 1648
Battle of the Second Civil War that ended the danger from pro-royalist rebellion in Pembroke led by the Parliamentary leaders from the English Civil War, infuriated by the appointment of ex-royalists to positions of power. By May, the rebels were advancing on Cardiff, with a force of 8,000 men, led by Rowland Laugharne. Against them, the Parliament had a force of 3,000 men commanded by Colonel Thomas Horton. However, the Parliamentary forces were much more experienced than the rebels, and Cromwell was known to be on his way to deal with the rebellion. Having encountered Horton's army, the rebels had withdrawn, but on 7-8 May they moved to attack him at St. Fagan's. The battle appears to have been a grim struggle, decided by the superior quality of the Parliamentary troops, rather than any tactical superiority. The rebel army was broken, nearly half being captured, and the remnants straggled back into Pembroke, where they were eventually defeated by Cromwell.
The English Civil War
How to cite this article: Rickard, J. (27 March 2001), Battle of St. Fagan's, 8 May 1648, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_stfagans.html
, Richard Holmes & Peter Young, an early work by one of the country's best known military historians, this is a superb single volume history of the war, from its causes to the last campaigns of the war and on to the end of the protectorate.