No. 429 "Bison" Squadron (RCAF): Second World War

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No.429 "Bison" Squadron was a RCAF squadron that formed in Britain in November 1942 as a night bomber squadron, in No.4 Group of Bomber Command. On 1 January 1943 it joined No.6 (RCAF) Group, remaining there for the rest of the war. Operations began with the Vickers Wellington on 21 January 1943.

On 12 August 1943 the squadron moved to RAF Leeming to convert to the Handley Page Halifax. Operations with the new aircraft began in September 1943, and continued until 15 March 1945. The squadron then converted to the Lancaster, but only flew a small number of sorties between 31 March and 25 April 1945. At the end of the war the squadron was used to transport liberated POWs back to Britain, before being disbanded on 31 May 1946.

November 1942-April 1943: Vickers Wellington III
January-August 1943: Vickers Wellington X
August 1993 to January 1944: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk II
October 1943 to March 1944: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk V
March 1944 to March 1945: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk III
March 1945-May 1946: Avro Lancaster I and III

7 November 1942-12 August 1943: East Moor
12 August 1943-31 May 1946: Leeming

Squadron Codes: AL

November-December 1942: No.4 Group, Bomber Command
January 1943-April 1945: No. 6 (RCAF) Group, Bomber Command


6 Group Bomber Command: An Operation Record, Chris Ward. This is a very detailed reference book that looks at the wartime service of the Canadian group in RAF Bomber Command. A detailed narrative history of the group is followed by a series of chapters on each squadron, with a brief history, list of stations, commanding officers and types of aircraft, and most impressively a list of every individual aircraft to serve with each squadron and its fate [read full review]
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Battlefields in the Air: Canadians in the Allied Bomber Command, Dan McCaffery. A look at Bomber Command's controversial campaign against Germany, and the role played in it by the Canadian pilots of No.6 Group. McCaffery's well researched text is supported by eye witness accounts from both the Canadian air crew and the German targets of the bombing campaign.
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Review of Halifax Squadrons by John lake Halifax Squadrons of World War II , Jon Lake. This is a very good book on the combat record of the Handley Page Halifax. It covers much more than just its role as a front line bomber, with chapters on the Halifax with Coastal Command, the Pathfinders and SOE, amongst others. [see more]
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Lancaster Squadrons 1944-45, Jon Lake. A well balanced look at the career of the Avro Lancaster in 1944-45, the period most famous for the systematic night bombardment of German cities. This was also the period that saw the Lancaster used to support the invasion of France, and the period that saw 617 Squadron drop Barnes Wallis's huge streamlined bombs with great precision. [see more]
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Bomber Offensive, Sir Arthur Harris. The autobiography of Bomber Harris, giving his view of the strategic bombing campaign in its immediate aftermath. Invaluable for the insights it provides into Harris’s approach to the war, what he was trying to achieve and the problems he faced. Harris perhaps overstates his case, not entirely surprisingly given how soon after the end of the war this book was written (Read Full Review)
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How to cite this article: Rickard, J (23 March 2007), No. 429 Squadron (RAF): Second World War,

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