No. 138 Squadron (RAF): Second World War

Aircraft - Locations - Group and Duty - Books

No. 138 Squadron was a mixed aircraft Special Duties squadron, formed on 25 August 1941 from No.1419 (Special Duties) Flight. At first it carried out a mix of supply drop and actual landings in occupied Europe, but in October 1942 No. 161 Squadron took over the pick-up duties, and No. 138 concentrated on the supply drop task, flying as far as Poland and Yugoslavia.

By the spring of 1945 the need for these supply drops had largely disappeared, and so No. 138 was re-equipped with Avro Lancasters and joined Bomber Command, taking part in the last few weeks of the strategic bombing campaign.

Aircraft
August 1941-October 1942: Armstrong Whitworth Whitley V
August 1941-November 1942: Westland Lysander IIIA
October 1941-December 1942: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk I
August 1941 or October 1942 to August 1944: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk II
January 1944 to August 1944: Handley Page Halifax B.Mk V
June 1944-March 1945: Short Stirling IV
March 1945-September 1947: Avro Lancaster I

Location
25 August-16 December 1941: Newmarket
16 December 1941 to 11 March 1942: Stradishall
11 March 1942-9 March 1945: Tempsford

Squadron Codes: NF

Group and Duty
August 1941 onwards: Special Duties squadron
March 1945: Bomber Command

Books

Review of Halifax Squadrons by John lake Halifax Squadrons of World War II , Jon Lake. This is a very good book on the combat record of the Handley Page Halifax. It covers much more than just its role as a front line bomber, with chapters on the Halifax with Coastal Command, the Pathfinders and SOE, amongst others. [see more]
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Lancaster Squadrons 1944-45, Jon Lake. A well balanced look at the career of the Avro Lancaster in 1944-45, the period most famous for the systematic night bombardment of German cities. This was also the period that saw the Lancaster used to support the invasion of France, and the period that saw 617 Squadron drop Barnes Wallis's huge streamlined bombs with great precision. [see more]
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How to cite this article: Rickard, J (22 March 2007), No. 138 Squadron (RAF): Second World War, http://www.historyofwar.org/air/units/RAF/138_wwII.html

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