Mitsubishi A6M ZERO (1939-1945)

Probably the most famous Japanese fighter of World War II the Rei-sen or Zero became seen as a symbol of Japanese Airpower. It saw widespread service before
Detail from Battle of Scheveningen by Willem van de Velde the Elder
Plans of Mitsubishi
A6M3 Zero

Detail from Battle of Scheveningen by Willem van de Velde the Elder
Mitsubishi A6M3 Zero
from the side

the battle of Pearl Harbor which was to make it famous, yet was unknown to the Allied commanders. When it first saw action against the Allies its excellent manoeuvrability and good firepower allowed it to easily outclass the fighters sent against it. Despite having to operate from carriers its excellent range often convinced Allied Commanders that they were much more numerous than they actually were - with a drop tank they could fly a sortie of 9 hours! The first prototype flew in 1939 and after a few modifications was regarded as outstanding in almost every respect. By the time of Pearl Harbour the Imperial Navy had 328 in service and within days of war breaking out they had swept the Allied forces from the air in the Pacific Theatre. After the battle of Midway in 1942 most Zero's had to operate from land and like their Luftwaffe counterparts they had to continue in service because promised replacements never came. By the end of the war over 10,000 had been produced but it was sadly outclassed being under gunned and very vulnerable although still extremely manoeuvrable. In October 1944 many were equipped with 551lb bombs and used in suicide missions. 327 of the Floatplane version code named Rufe by the Allied were also produced between 1941-43.

Maximum speed - 565 km/h (351 mph);
Maximum range - 1922km (1,194 miles);
Weapons; 2x7.7mm MG, 1x13.2mm, 2x20mm (final version)

Japanese Aircraft of World War II 1937-1945, Thomas Newdick. A useful shorter reference work looking at the combat aircraft fielded by the Japanese during the Second World War, along with those jet and rocket powered aircraft that got closest to being completed. A useful guide to the aircraft of the Japanese Army and Navy, a key element in the rapid expansion of Japanese power, and in the increasingly desperate defence of their expanded Empire as the war turned against them. Organised by type of aircraft, with enough information on each type for the general reader, and longer sections on key aircraft such as the Zero (Read Full Review)
cover cover cover

WWII Home Page | WWII Subject Index | WWII Books | WWII Links | Day by Day

How to cite this article: Dugdale-Pointon, T. (30 December 2000), Mitsubishi A6M ZERO, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_zero.html

Help - F.A.Q. - Contact Us - Search - Recent - About Us -  Subscribe in a reader - Join our Google Group - Cookies