Third Afghan War, 1919

War launched by Amir Amanullah, who had been placed on the Afghan throne in February 1919 by the army and the Young Afghan radical party, after the murder of his father. He proclaimed a Jihad against Britain, and on 3 May 1919 Afghan troops crossed the Indian border, and occupied Bagh. British Indian troops recaptured Bagh on 11 May, and pushed on into Afghanistan, while British bombers attacked Jalalabad and Kabul. Amanullah sued for peace on 31 May, and peace was restored by the treaty of Rawalpindi (8 August). The treaty reaffirmed Afghan independence, and made it clear that Afghanistan controlled it's own foreign policy. One of the first foreign policy decisions made by Amanullah was to recognise the new Soviet Union. The treaty also ended the large British subsidies to the Afghan government which had helped maintain Afghan neutrality during the First World War.
How to cite this article: Rickard, J., Third Afghan War, 1919,

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