Peace of Troyes, 11 April 1564

The peace of Troyes (11 April 1564) officially ended the English involvement in the First War of Religion (1562-63). Elizabeth I had agreed to provide troops and money to support the Huguenot cause, but the main English contribution to the war had been the occupation of Le Havre. This port had been recaptured by the French on 1 August 1563, but a prolonged period of negotiations followed before the peace treaty could be agreed. Elizabeth still hoped to gain some recognition of her claim to Calais, which had been returned to France for eight years under the terms of the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis, and demanded half a million gold crowns to give up her claim to Le Havre.

The treaty signed on 11 April 1564 made no mention of Calais. The French paid 120,000 gold crowns in return for all rights to Le Havre and freedom of commerce was agreed between the two countries. The French believed that the English occupation of Le Havre meant that they had forfeited all rights to Calais, and Elizabeth was in no position to press her case.

The French Religious Wars 1562-1598, Robert Jean Knecht. A useful guide to the complex series of nine French Wars of Religion, including an examination of who the wars began and the main players on both sides, narrative accounts of the wars, overviews of the most important battles and sieges. Also looks at the impact of the wars on France’s neighbours, many of whom got dragged into the conflict, and on a selection of soldiers and civilians. Supported by a series of maps that help show how complex the conflict was
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How to cite this article: Rickard, J (12 January 2011), Peace of Troyes, 11 April 1564,

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