Battle of Winceby, 11 October 1643
Parliamentary victory during the Civil War. The Parliamentary army of the Eastern Association, commanded by the earl of Manchester, had moved to besiege Bolingbroke Castle. This army contained 6,000 infantry and 1,500 cavalry, commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell. In response, the local Royalists had managed to scrape together a force of between 1,500 and 2,000 cavalry and 800 dragoons, and raced then towards Bolingbroke, but when they arrived they found the Parliamentary army already in place. The battle started with a Royalist advance, to which Cromwell responded with his own advance. Cromwell's horse was killed under him early in the battle, and he does not appear to have played much of a part in the rest of the battle. Instead, it was Fairfax who played the main part, outflanking the Royalist left, and launching an attack that led to the rapid collapse of the Royalist army. The battle had little direct impact on the course of the war, but it did see the first major defeat of the Cavalier cavalry.
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How to cite this article: Rickard, J. (28 April 2001), Battle of Winceby, 11 October 1643, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_winceby.html
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