Rapid expansion of Eighth Air Force creates need for reorganisation, requested by Eaker, apporved by War Department summer of 1943
1st Bombardment Wing redesignated 1st Bombardment Division,
Wing itself then split into smaller wings, each controling two or three heavy bombardment wings when first set up - 1943 saw 1st, 40th, 41st and 92nd wings, 92nd closed down and units transfered to 94th by end of year (in official linage 1st BW remained same unit and 1st Bombardment Division formed as new unit).
New name came into general use in period after approval of scheme but before offifical constitution - used during official history of Army Air Force raid on R/S
1st division attacked Schweinfurt during Regensburg/ Schweinfurt raid 17 August 1943 and took part in return raid on 14 October 1943
The Division lost 45 B-17s during a second raid on Schweinfurt on 14 October 1943.
On 6 March 1944 the division took part in the first large American raid on Berlin (three squadrons from the 3rd BD carried out the first attack on Berlin two days earlier having failed to receive a recall notice). The Division lost 18 aircraft during this attack.
In the week after D-Day the division attacked tactical targets in France. On 15 June it moved on to attack targets further from Normandy, with a focus on Luftwaffe airfields.
On 18 July 1944 the division attacked the German research centre at Peenemunde on the Baltic, on the longest range Eighth Air Force attack into north-eastern Germany of the entire war.
45 B-17s lost
734 736 741
24 February 1945 - attacks oil refinaries in Hamburg
|30 August 1943||Constituted as 1st Bombardment Division|
|13 September 1943||Activated in England|
|December 1944||Redesignated 1st Air Division|
|31 October 1945||Inactivated|
Major General Robert B. Willliams: 16 September 1943
Major General Howard M Turner: 22 October 1944
Brigadier General Bartlett Beaman: 26 September 1945
Brampton Grange, England: 13 September 1943
Alconbury: 20 September-31 October 1945
|389th Bombardment Group||1943-1945|
|445th Bombardment Group||1943-1945|
|453rd Bombardment Group||1944-1945|
1943-44: VIII Bomber Command; Eighth Air Force
1944-45: Eighth Air Force;