USS Anthony (DD-172/ DM-12)

USS Anthony (DD-172/ DM-12) was a Wickes class destroyer that served as a light minelayer from 1920 to 1922, before being decommissioned.

The Anthony was named after William Anthony, a US Marine who was on the battleship USS Maine when she exploded in Havana Harbour on 15 February 1898 and was promoted for his service on that day.

The Anthony was laid down on 18 April 1918, without a name. On 1 August the Clemson class destroyer USS Anthony (DD-266) was renamed the Greene and the unnamed Destroyer No.172 became USS Anthony. She was launched on 10 August 1918 and commissioned on 19 June 1919. 

USS Aaron Ward (DD-132) and USS Anthony (DD-172), early 1920s
USS Aaron Ward (DD-132)
and
USS Anthony (DD-172),
early 1920s

On 7 August 1919 the Anthony took part in a naval review to celebrate the establishment of the United States Pacific Fleet. Between then and 23 November 1919 she operated along the west coast, taking part in a series of further reviews and even briefly carrying secretary of the Navy Daniels. On 23 November 1919 she was placed into the reserve at San Diego, where she remained for the next year and a half.

USS Anthony (DD-172), Mare Island, 27 June 1919 USS Anthony (DD-172), Mare Island, 27 June 1919

On 18 March 1920 the Anthony was one of six destroyers to be designated as light minelayers. When the new alphanumeric hull numbers were issued on 17 July 1920 she became DM-12. In June 1921 she moved to Pearl Habor, where she was finally converted into a minelayer. This involved removing her torpedo tubes and installing mine racks that could carry 64-80 mines. She then spent the next year training in her new role. On 1 February 1922 she struck a reef while searching for a mine that she had lost during one of her own exercises, and needed repairs to both screws.

On 30 June 1922 the Anthony was decommissioned at Pearl Harbor. She was never recommissioned, and was struck off on 1 December 1936. She was soon reduced to a hulk, and in April 1937 she was towed back to San Diego. She was then used as a target for fleet gunnery exercises and was sunk by gunfire from the cruiser USS Portland (CA-33) on 22 July 1937.

Displacement (standard)

 

Displacement (loaded)

 

Top Speed

35kts design
34.81kts at 27,350shp at 1,236t on trial (Kimberly)

Engine

2 shaft Parsons turbines
4 boilers
27,000shp design

Range

2,500nm at 20kts (design)

Armour - belt

 

 - deck

 

Length

314ft 4.5in

Width

30ft 11.5in

Armaments

Four 4in/ 50 guns
Twelve 21in torpedo tubes in four triple mountings
Two 1-pounder AA guns
Two depth charge tracks

Crew complement

100

Laid down

18 April 1918

Launched

10 August 1918

Commissioned

19 June 1919

Decommissioned

30 June 1922

Struck off

1 December 1936

Sunk as target

22 July 1937

U.S. Destroyers: An Illustrated Design History, Norman Friedmann . The standard history of the development of American destroyers, from the earliest torpedo boat destroyers to the post-war fleet, and covering the massive classes of destroyers built for both World Wars. Gives the reader a good understanding of the debates that surrounded each class of destroyer and led to their individual features.
cover cover cover
How to cite this article: Rickard, J (16 April 2018), USS Anthony (DD-172/ DM-12) , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_USS_Anthony_DD172_DM12.html

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