Confederate victory over a Union invasion of north eastern Florida.
Union army under General Banks attacking into northern Louisiana defeated by a confederate army under General Richard Taylor.
Taylor tries a second attack but is repulsed. Banks still decides to withdraw, after a support force fails to arrive.
Confederate capture of Fort Pillow was marred by the probable murder of the black soldiers present in the Union garrison.
Grant’s first major offensive in the east (Overland Campaign). The Union suffer more losses than the Confederates, but unlike previous Union commanders, Grant did not retreat, instead moving on to Spotsylvania.
Grant dispatched 10,000 cavalry under General Sheridan south. Jeb Stuart gave ineffective chase with half of his cavalry, before standing and fighting at Yellow Tavern, six miles north of Richmond, where his cavalry was crushed. Stuart was fatally wounded during the fighting.
The first sign of the sort of attritional warfare that was about to take over on the eastern front of the civil war. Lee was forced to withdraw to another defensive line, but Grant did not achieve his aim of a breakthrough.
Confederate victory during Sherman’s advance towards Atlanta. Sherman’s manoeuvres forced the Confederates to retreat anyway.
Defeat of a Union army that had been sent into the Shenandoah valley as part of Grant’s plan for 1864
Battle that ended any chance of General Butler achieving the major breakthrough he had gained a chance to achieve after getting between Petersburg and Richmond.
Something of a drawn battle in the Grant’s Richmond campaign. Neither Lee or Grant performed well in this battle.
A period of unproductive fighting during Sherman’s advance towards Atlanta.
The main assault comes on 3 June, when Grant fails to break Lee’s line yet again.
Union victory over a Confederate force that had moved out of their defences to launch their own attack.
Confederate victory in Mississippi in which a force of 8,000 Union soldiers sent to defeat Forest’s cavalry force found them, and was defeated by a force half their size.
Bloodiest cavalry battle of the war, between a raiding force under Sheridan and Wade Hampton’s confederate cavalry. Something of a draw, but the raid soon withdrew.
Failed Union attack on Petersburg, one of the great missed chances of the war. After the battle, the Union settled down to a regular siege (to 3 April 1865)
Repulse of a Federal attack on Lynchburg.
Confederate victory where Sherman’s union army attacked well built defences on Kennesaw Mountain.
Start of Siege of Petersburg (to 3 April 1865).
Early’s 15,000 strong confederate army of the Shenandoah Valley defeated a scratch Union force north of the Potomac and headed towards Washington.
Early’s army appears in front of the empty defences of Washington forcing Grant to dispatch much needed troops back to the capitol.
Force of 14,000 Federal troops sent to deal with Forrest’s raiders in Tennessee defeat a Confederate force half their size, wounding Forrest.
First of two confederate attempts to defeat the union army attacking Atlanta.
Second of two confederate attempts to defeat the Union army threatening Atlanta that resulted in heavy confederate casualties.
Another Confederate victory in the Shenandoah Valley. After the battle, the Union army withdrew over the Potomac.
Union victory in the campaign that led to Sherman’s capture of Atlanta.
Incident during the siege of Petersburg. The Union exploded a giant mine under the Confederate lines, which caused massive disruption to the Confederates, but the Union follow up was botched, and the line was held.
Unsuccessful Union attempt to capture the port of Mobile, although the Confederate fleet there was forced to surrender and the port effectively closed.
A failed Confederate attempt to defeat a Union army blocking railway access into Atlanta.
General Hood evacuated Atlanta
General Sherman’s Union army finally entered Atlanta. The capture of the city was a massive boost to Northern morale, and helped to ensure the re-election of President Lincoln.
Union victory for General Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. Hearing that General Early’s force had been weakened, Sheridan launched an attack that resulted in the loss of one quarter of the Confederate army.
Second victory of Sheridan that forced Early to retreat sixty miles to the Blue Ridge (mountains?). Union control of the Shenandoah valley reduced the ability of the Confederacy to feed its armies, or the threaten the north.
Surprise Confederate attack on Sheridan’s army that happened while Sheridan was returning from Washington. General Early’s Confederates achieved early success but then settled down to pillage while Sheridan restored his army and returned to inflict a defeat that effectively destroyed Early’s army.
Sherman’s army leaves Atlanta to begin its March to the Sea through Georgia. Sherman leaves a 40,000 strong Confederate army behind him, and leaves his own supply lines behind, living off the land.
Failed Confederate attempt to trap part of the army defending Tennessee against Hood's invasion.
General Hood, commanding the Confederate army left behind by Sherman, attacked a well defended Union position. Although the Union troops withdrew overnight, Hood’s men suffered three times their losses, crippling the army.
Union victory that destroys General Hood’s Army of the Tennessee. The 40,000 strong army eventually returned to Mississippi with only 20,000 men left.