Battle of the White Hill, 8 November 1620
Battle in the Thirty Years War that effectively ended the Bohemian phase of the war. The Bohemian army, led by Prince Christian of Anhalt-Bernberg, and numbering some 15,000, was camped on the White Hill (or White Mountain), near Prague, and was not expecting an Imperial attack. The Imperial army, commanded by the Comte de Bucquoy, with Maximiliam of Bavaria and Tilly also present, numbered 20,000. The commanders of the army were determined to fight, and amongst them the more aggressive attitude prevailed. An initial attack was repulsed, and the long delay while the Imperial generals decided what to do convinced Christian of Anhalt that no attack was coming, and so he was surprised by the Imperial attack, and his army was soon in full retreat, despite his best efforts to rally them. Frederick, elector Palatine, the protestant king of Bohemia, fled back to his German lands, and Prague was occupied by the Imperial forces.
The Battle of the White Mountain 1620 and the Bohemian Revolt, 1618-1622, Laurence Spring
A rare example of an English language study of part of the Thirty Years War, looking at the Bohemian revolt and the key battle of the White Mountain which saw the revolt’s main army defeated and resulted in the fall of Prague and the eventual exile of Frederick V Elector Palatinate from both Bohemia and his original lands, as well as drawing other powers into the conflict, helping it to expand across Germany. A good account both of the revolt and the battle that effectively ended it (Read Full Review)
How to cite this article: Rickard, J. (1 December 2000), Battle of the White Hill, 8 November 1620, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_whitehill.html